Jozef Pilsudski (Pilsudski Jozef)( Polish statesman)
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Biography Jozef Pilsudski (Pilsudski Jozef)
Born December 5, 1867, near Vilna (now in Lithuania). In 1885 he was expelled from Kharkov University for his revolutionary activities in 1887 on charges of assassination of Alexander III, was sentenced to exile in Siberia, where he remained from 1888 to 1892. After links Pilsudski published a newspaper 'Work' ( 'Robotnik') - body of the underground Polish Socialist Party, of which he became in 1892, and in 1900-1901 was in prison. During the First World War formed a separate Polish Legion, who fought on the side of Austria-Hungary. I believe that in case of victory of Germany and Austria-Hungary, Poland becomes independent. When the Central Powers occupied the territory of the Kingdom of Poland, Pilsudski and his supporters went into opposition to Germany and the Austrian authorities.
The final phase of the First World War, Pilsudski held in a German prison. Back in autumn 1918 in Warsaw, was appointed 'interim chief' state and commander in chief of the armed forces of Poland. In 1919, Parliament approved the first constituent Pilsudski, the head of state, and I. Ya Paderewski - Prime Minister.
Following the adoption in March 1921 constitution limits the powers of the executive branch, Pilsudski declined to participate in the presidential election, not put up as a candidate in elections in 1923.
In 1926 became minister of defense, held the position as in 1930. Pilsudski died in Warsaw on May 12, 1935.