William Smith (Smith William)( English surveyor and geologist.)
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Biography William Smith (Smith William)
Born in Churchill (Oxfordshire), March 23, 1769. He worked as a topographer in different parts of England and showed great interest in geology. Smith found that the geological rocks often contain fossils of plants and animals and always have a certain sequence of strata, and showed how for these residues can set the age of rocks. On the basis of their own field observations, written work order of occurrence of layers and of their organic remains, . established and studied until 1799 (Order of the Strata and their Imbedded Organic Remains, . Examined and Proved Prior to 1799, . 1799), . whose ideas formed the basis of paleontology,
. Compiled by the first geological map of England. In 1815, released an updated geological map of England, Wales and parts of Scotland (Geological Map of England and Wales, with Part of Scotland). Geological maps of individual counties and regions, prepared by Smith, were included in the Geological Atlas of England and Wales (Geological Atlas of England and Wales, 1822). Smith died in Northampton on Aug. 28, 1839.