Fuad PASHA( The statesman of the Ottoman Empire, one of the leaders of reform, known as tanzimat.)
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Biography Fuad PASHA
(1815-1869), or Mohammed Fouad
Born in Istanbul in 1815. He began his career with a translator, later became one of the first Ottoman diplomats, who knew Europe and European languages. In 1852 received the Minister of Foreign Affairs. Fuad Pasha was minister during the negotiations at the Paris Congress (1856), concluded the Crimean War. Suppressed the uprising in Greece in 1854, and in 1860 was sent to Syria to restore order after the slaughter in Lebanon. In 1861 became Grand Vizier (Prime Minister) and held that post for the next five years, except for the first five months of 1863. From 1863 to 1866 was Minister of War. In 1866, Fuad Pasha, resigned, but in 1867 again became head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Sultan was accompanied during his trip to Europe. In this position remained until his death.
Fuad Pasha and his associates realized that to save the empire had to be converted public authorities, management system and the army of the country. At the same time, they believed that such reforms can only be held autocratic manner - the ruling class of officials, headed by the Sultan. Therefore, they opposed the adoption of the constitution and the establishment of representative government, considering them to be premature for the backward Ottoman Empire. For this reason, Fuad Pasha and his entourage were attacked by supporters of the constitutional and social reforms. Fuad Pasha died in Nice on 12 February 1869.