JAKOV III (James III)( The King of Scotland, eldest son of James II and Mary Gelderskoy)
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Biography JAKOV III (James III)
Born July 10, 1451. On the throne at age of 9, after the death of his father, who died at the siege of the castle Roksburgskogo; coronation took place here, near Roxburgh in Kelso (30 miles east of Selkirk) August 10, 1460. Royal army of James II continued the siege, bringing it up to the date of the castle. Such consistency in the operation - an indication that the previous Board of the royal power had strengthened its position. While James III was a minor, . authority of the crown continued to be high enough - in part due to the, . that it supported the Bishop of St Andrews (town 20 km south-east of Dundee), Kennedy, . and partly because, . that England itself torn by the Wars of the Roses,
. Lancaster kings became increasingly weaker, in 1461 the Scots captured Berik (sovr. Berwick-upon-Tweed).
In 1465, after the death of Kennedy, hostile factions once again asserted themselves, and next year the clan Boyd captured the young king at Linlithgow (near Edinburgh). Boyd handed the post of themselves and their friends, and for the son of Lord Boyd, Thomas achieved the title of Earl of Arran. In 1468, Lord Boyd went to Denmark to arrange the marriage of James III and Margaret, daughter of King Christian I of Denmark. Marriage celebrations were held in July 1469 in the monastery Holirud (Edinburgh). Generally speaking, this marriage has had a beneficial effect on Scotland: the country had a good queen, and received from King Christian promise of the dowry secured the rights to the Orkney and Shetland Islands. However, Boyd's position that marriage is undermined, since in the absence of Earl of Arran and their party split.
In 1469 James began to reign alone and for 10 years has made considerable progress. In 1472, because almost none of the dowry was never paid, the Orkney and Shetland Islands were annexed to Scotland. But Jacob had quarreled with his brothers - the Duke of Albany and Earl Marom, and in 1479 took them into custody. March and died in prison, but Albany escaped to England, where he was recognized as 'Alexander, King of Scots'. In 1482 he returned to Scotland with the British, who decided to take this opportunity to get back to Berwick. At the time, James became a prisoner of Albany, but in 1483 the king regained his power, and the following year when Lohmabene (east of Dumfries) joined forces repelled an invasion of his opponent and the exiled Earl of Douglas.
In 1488 the Scottish nobles in the south revolted against James on behalf of his son, whom they captured in the Stirling Castle. June 14, 1488, after a tie ended the battle of Sauchiburne (near Stirling), Jacob was killed under mysterious circumstances.