Horta, Miklos (Horthy Miklos)( Regent of Hungary.)
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Biography Horta, Miklos (Horthy Miklos)
Born June 18, 1868 in Kendereshe. In 1882 he entered the Naval Academy in Fiume (Riene), and subsequently held positions of command in the Navy, commanded the embassy yacht 'Taurus' in Istanbul during the Young Turk revolution, 1908-1909. In 1909-1914 - Marine adjutant of the Emperor Franz Joseph, who was deeply respected. At the beginning of the First World War, Horthy was called to the fleet in December 1914 took command of the military cruiser "Novara".
In January 1918 he was appointed commander of the naval forces of the Austro-Hungary in the rank of Rear Admiral, after the collapse of the empire took over responsibility for the transfer of the Yugoslav National Council of the Navy on Oct. 31, 1918.
In June 1919 he was appointed to the post of defense minister in the parallel government formed by Karolyi in Szeged. He left that post in July, continuing to remain chief of the national army. November 16, 1919 Horthy army occupied Budapest. March 1, 1920 the newly elected parliament proclaimed him as regent until the determination of the fate of the crown. Under the Treaty of Trianon (June 4, 1920), 72% in Hungary and 64% of its population shifted into the domain of neighboring states.
Over the years, Horthy almost did not participate in political life. However, in 1930, in the face of the deteriorating international situation, was forced to increasingly participate in political life, relying on the power and authority given to him by the Act on the regency. Horthy tried to restrain Germanic pressure and to maintain favorable relations with the West. Staying at an extremely conservative, Horthy gradually became an informal leader of a broad front across the political spectrum - from the extreme conservatives to social democrats - in the fight against right-wing radicals. Nevertheless, he was forced to step by step to make concessions to Germany. In September 1944, Soviet troops entered the territory of Hungary, and after repeated attempts to separate negotiations with the West Horthy sent a mission to Moscow to negotiate, on Oct. 15 said that the requests of the Armistice. The Germans immediately forced Horthy to resign and interned him in Germany. Horthy was svobozhden allies in 1945 and settled in Estoril (Portugal). Died in Estoril Horthy February 9, 1957.