John Cassian (Cassianus, Ioannes)( Christian Latin writer)
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Biography John Cassian (Cassianus, Ioannes)
Cassian, John; Cassianus, Ioannes, OK. 360-after 430 years., Christian Latin writer. Most likely born in the province of Scythia Minor (Dobrudja), was due to bad parents secured a good education. In Palestine, in Bethlehem, entered a convent, then more than ten years he studied in Egypt, the life of monks. In 405 g. moved from Constantinople to Rome. Ok. 415 g. founded in Massalit (Marseille) is a priest two monasteries: female and male (in which he died). In 419-426 years. wrote a Fundamentals of monastic life in 12 books, which outlined the rules of life eastern monasticism (kn. I-IV), described the eight deadly sins (kn. V-XII) and ways to avoid them. In 420-428 years. Meetings with the Fathers wrote, where, in the form of 24 fictitious dialogues (based, however, the conversations that led to the monks in the East) on the ethical and philosophical and theological subjects he enunciated his doctrine of the monk. In 430 g. created a polemical work on the incarnation of the Lord against the Nestor of 7 books. Treatises K. Willingly read in medieval monasteries, as evidenced by the large number of manuscripts. Perhaps that is already in V. were translated into Greek. The meetings had a significant impact on the statute of Benedict, which encouraged them to read. Trudy K. served as the spread of Eastern monastic ideal, the ascetic life in the West. K. wrote a rather good Latin, but a meeting marked by a literary talent.