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Aronov Raisa Yermolaevna

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography Aronov Raisa Yermolaevna
photo Aronov Raisa Yermolaevna
(10. 2. 1920 - 20. 12. 1982)


P AISA Yermolaevna Aronov, . Guards Lieutenant, . senior airman 46-Guards Night Bomber Aviation Regiment Taman Red (325 Night Bomber Aircraft Division, . 4-th Air Army, . 2 Second Byelorussian Front),
. Born February 10, 1920 in Saratov, a working class family of a railway. Russian, member of the CPSU since 1942. She graduated from high school, flying club, two courses of the Saratov Institute of Mechanization of Agriculture behalf MI. Kalinin. In 1940, moved up in the Moscow Aviation Institute. In October 1941, went to the Red Army. In 1942 she graduated from Engels military aviation school pilots.

. From May 1942 until the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War, fought in the 4-th Air Army in the North Caucasus, 4-th Ukrainian and 2-m Belarusians fronts
. Took part in the defense of the Caucasus, the liberation of the Crimea, Byelorussia, Poland, defeating the enemy in Germany. Injured March 23, 1943. For military distinction awarded two Orders of Red Banner (1943, . 1945), . Orders of the Patriotic War of degree 1 (1944), . Red Star (1942), . medals "3a defense of the Caucasus" and "For Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945..,

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Rais Yermolaevna Aronova awarded on May 15
. 1946 for 941 sorties, causing great damage to the enemy and for displaying valor and courage.

In the postwar years R.E. Aronov graduated from the Institute of Foreign Languages (1952). Since 1961, Major Aronov Б┴┬ in reserve, had lived and worked in Moscow. Died Dec. 20, 1982. She was buried in Moscow.

"Night Witches"
. Saratov, 1983;
Disturbing night. Б┴┬ In the book: Heroines. Moscow, 1969, etc.

B oevye case Raisa Aronova awarded high military skill, fearlessness and courage. A clear confirmation can serve as a combat flight pilots on the night of March 23, 1943. That night Wing bombed the enemy on the "Blue Line", a strongly fortified enemy defense zone stretching from Temryuk to Novorossiysk. Despite poor visibility, pilots worked all night, without respite. Crew Piskareva-Aronova had to destroy a very powerful searchlight of the enemy in the south-eastern outskirts of the village of Kiev. The flight took place without any interference, but when the plane went on the combat course, the bright rays of many searchlights blinded navigators and pilots. Almost simultaneously they began to beat anti-aircraft guns. In the plane there are many holes in the right plane zaziyala big hole. But small and slow-moving Po-2 did not come down to de-rate. Yes, and it was impossible to get off: the aim point, small size, and to impress her, should be very careful aiming.
Aronov was caught in a spotlight sight. In those few seconds there was a crack in the cab, and Raissa burned with something sharp, hot. Overcoming the pain in his side, clenching his teeth, she finally caught sight of the slit mirror spotlight and pulled the release gear. Almost simultaneously, on the ground to explode four bombs. Spot extinguished.

Piskareva Aronova and managed to come out of the zone of fire, escape from the terrible "embrace" searchlights and landed safely at its airfield. Rais was sent to hospital in Yessentuki.
Where acting female regiment, the Nazis during the night did not know the rest. Heroines pilots knew the whole front. They knew and hated the Nazis. They called them "night witches".
. Two months later, still not healed the wound, Aronov returned to the regiment, to retrain pilots with even more hatred continued to smash the enemy.

. On the night of September 17, 1943, she struck the motomehchastyam opponent near the village of Dostogaevskaya
. Direct hit or bomb destroyed a car with ammunition.

. On the night of December 4, 1943 at a low altitude cloud cover is not "more than 100 meters threw bags of ammunition and food for the landing units 1-th Army in the area during the night made Eltigena.V 6 sorties.

. At night, May 11, 1944 from bombs dropped Aronova airfield near Sevastopol, fires broke out, accompanied by strong explosions ...

. With howling battle path courageous aviator had completed participation in the Berlin offensive.


. ---
. Sources:
. 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968

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