(6. 9. 1921 - 13. 6. 1988)
H ikolay Ivanovich Fomin, Guard Captain, commander of the 9 th Guards Bomber Aviation Regiment of the Poltava Red long -. Born September 6, 1921 in a. Forested area Balashov of Saratov region. Russian. After graduating from high school in 1939, voluntarily joined the military aviation school.
. From April 1942 until the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War, fought in the long-range aircraft, . performing combat missions in the rear of the enemy in the interests of the Supreme Command, . and Leningrad, . Stalingrad, . West, . Baltic, . 1 st Belorussian and other fronts,
. For military distinction and impeccable service in the Soviet Army awarded two Orders of Red Banner (1943, . 1945), . Order of the Patriotic War, 1 st degree (1942), . two Orders of Red Star (1942, . 1954), . medal "For Defense of Leningrad", . "For the Defense of Stalingrad, . "For the Victory over Japan", . "For the capture of KцІnigsberg" and four other medals.,
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Nikolai Ivanovich Fomin awarded on Aug. 19, 1944 over 259 combat sorties, . causing great damage to the enemy and for displaying valor and courage.,
. In the postwar years, NI
. Fomin graduated from the Red Banner Air Force Academy. Died June 13, 1988.
A 1942 assuring the Western Front were conducted offensive operations in the area of Rzhev and the Bryansk area. These operations though not produced the desired results, . nevertheless forced to Hitler's command to transfer a group of armies "Center" 15 fresh divisions from reserve and from other sectors of the Soviet -, . intended to send to Stalingrad,
. In connection with the intensification of fighting in the central sector of particular importance to the Nazis had Smolensk railway junction. This supplement came from Germany, hence they went to Rzhev, Vyazma and Bryansk. According to our intelligence, through Smolensk daily were dozens of military trains. Long-Range Aviation Command, it was decided to inflict a massive blow to the Smolensk railway junction and disable it.
. On the night of August 23, 1942 in the regiment flew on this mission and the crew Guard lieutenant Fomina
. Above Smolensk already blazed fires caused by previously bombed crews. The sky rummaged dozens of spotlights. Above the city with fiery bursts exploded, hundreds of anti-aircraft shells.
Fomin chosen as a goal of standing on the tracks and lit a fire trains and lay down on the combat course. Clearly worked navigator, on the alert for air gunner-radio operator. Everything went according to plan, but suddenly the car started unusually, jumped back. Pilots felt the smell of smoke in the cockpit: a shell burst close. Screw gear were cut off large pieces, and the right engine stopped working. Fomin barely returned the car on the combat course. Bombs were dropped right on target. Excellent owning piloting techniques, Fomin on one engine "pulled" hundreds of kilometers and safely landed at their airfield.
Eleven sorties made Fomin deep into the rear of the enemy. He plunged his bombs on military targets in Warsaw, Konigsberg and Tilsit, Insterburg, Brest and Helsinki.
Especially difficult were combat sorties to the partisans Baltic summer 1944. Darkness, woodland, low clouds and fog, often standing in the Baltic States, impede the search for nocturnal orientation. However, all six times Fomin great skill in combat mission. Weapons, ammunition and food were dropped precisely at the appointed place.
Fomin knew and competently exploited materiel. All combat flights he made on one machine. His plane was the "old" in the regiment: had 700 flying hours and developed four moto. Despite this, Fomin took him to task with a full bomb load ...
Sources: 1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary
. V.2. M.: Voeniz.1988.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968