Kliment Smolyatich( Spiritual leader)
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Biography Kliment Smolyatich
Clement Smolyatich - 2 nd Metropolitan of Kiev (1147 - 1155) of Russian origin. Appointed lead. kn. Kiev. Izyaslav Mstislavich, after which he was elected to the council of bishops and consecrated in St. Sophia Cathedral. Prior to his appointment to the metropolitan see was at the highest stage of monasticism in the lead. schema, and led the life of the atom as a recluse. Izyaslav Mstislavich probably wanted to be represented by head of Russian. Church obedient instrument of their policies and at the same time to break with tradition, the appointment of Russian. Metropolitans Constantinople. The confusion in the capital of Byzantium (the patriarchal throne empty for long. time) contributed to the nomination of Clement Smolyatich, human dignity and theologically educated, was welcomed by the majority of Russian. clergy. However, due to the fact that Clement Smolyatich arose during knyazhskoy strife on the side Izyaslav, his credentials were found only in those lands that were in the field of politi. cues influence. Prince. Opponents have used in the fight against Clement Smolyatich the fact that Metropolitan has not been approved by the patriarch, and therefore, had no right to occupy the chair. Three bishops who voted against him (Nifont Novgorod, Smolensk and Manuel Cosmas Polotskin), refused to obey the new metropolitan and saw it as an 'enemy of the law of Christ'. On their side, of course, was the enemy Izyaslav - suzd. kn. Yuri Vladimirovich Dolgoruky, who organized an active church and political opposition Izyaslav and his protege - Clement Smolyatich last attempt to win over wavering unsuccessful. Bishop Nifont etc.. bishops were directly subordinate to the Patriarch. Clement Smolyatich was forced to leave the department after the expulsion from Kiev Izyaslav (1149) and came back again with voknyazheniem last (1151). After the death of Izyaslav (1154) Clement Smolyatich was reduced from the Department Grounded ceases in Kiev Dolgoruky. Last Clement Smolyatich served in the St. Sophia Cathedral, where cues. ceases won (1158) son Izyaslav Mstislav. After the death of Metropolitan Theodore Grand. kn. Kiev. Rostislav Mstislavich requested (1162) to Constantinople with a request to approve. S. backdated to the metropolitans, but was refused. He died in Vladimir (in Klyazma), but the year of death unknown. As a writer Clement Smolyatich known for his message to the priest, Thomas. Theologian, erudition (was nicknamed the Philosopher), knowledge of Greek. я¦пT, possession tricks of rhetoric, as well as competence in TSerk. law suggest that Clement Smolyatich was educated in one of the top schools in the Byzantine Empire.