TRANSVERSE Anatoly( Poet)
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Biography TRANSVERSE Anatoly
Born November 22, 1934 in the village of Novaya Odessa (now - the city of New Odessa) Nikolayev Oblast, Ukraine. Father - Gregory Dem'yanovich, agronomist. Mother - Aleksandra Mikhailovna, paramedic. Wife - Transverse Svetlana Ivanovna. Son - Sergiy (1958. born.).
In 1938 the family moved from New Transverse Odessa to Nikolaev. In August 1941, 7-year-old Anatoly with his mother, a nurse care-tier, had to cross the country from the Dnieper to the Ural. So far in memory - the crossing of the Dnieper, when a convoy of refugees and the wounded began to dive fascist "Messerschmitts". Many years later, A. Cross wrote about the poem "The ferry forty-first year, later -" Orphan "," She was defending the country "," the freight "," Night ferry.
A wartime childhood. Cross was in the Urals. These were difficult years for the country, and Anatoly felt it with all my heart, not protected from the resentment and bitterness. It was scary falling over the edge "fatherlessness" bytovschiny, hooliganism. But the letter had helped his father from the front, helped the book, helped mom. The theme of "war", the eternal theme of "fathers and sons many years later reflected in the poems of A. Cross "black bread", "The Vineyard", "Full Moon", "Swan flock", "In a country that is not forgetful of kinship and other. A poem Soldatka "thanks to a strong, dramatic music composer A. Dolukhanyan became widely popular song "Ryazan Madonna."
In 1944, Anatoly with his mother returned to Mykolayiv. He served as cabin boy on the destroyer "savvy". "I was there and the deck drail, and lived in the cabin, and the form I was given!" I really liked it - says Anatoly. - But my father returned from the front and took me-not, say, studies continue. Do not make it so I went to the marine part ". Maritime theme later amply reflected in the poet's. Anatoly early began to write poetry, but had to write in secret: forbade a father who wanted to see her son in the future, an agronomist, an engineer, but not a poet. Finished school, went to work for Anatoly Black Sea shipyard, the first auxiliary worker in the "hot" shop, then the editorial staff factory large-circulation newspaper "Tribuna Stakhanovtsy. He wrote essays, including poetry, the plant's workers. His poems began appearing in local newspaper "Southern Truth", and soon in the national newspapers.
Simultaneously A. Cross-studied part time Philology Mykolaiv Pedagogical Institute (later transferred to the Leningrad Pedagogical Institute named after Herzen). The plant became intimate with the working people, met with interesting human destinies, not easy, and sometimes tragic. This later served as the impetus for writing poems, "Three Masters", "King-turner," "hot shop" on the working. There were important in his artistic biography understanding of labor as the highest meaning of life.
In 1957 A. Cross sent the manuscript of his poems in Moscow, the publishing house "Soviet Writer". Unexpectedly for myself received a letter of approval and two positive reviews. In the meantime, the unknown author of this was unheard of. Among the reviewers, who decided the fate of a positive first book, A. Cross, was A.P. Mezhirov. The first book for a poet - it is his poetic passport, his spiritual person, and together with the application, with whom he came into the world. This document for a. The cross became a collection of poems, and poems "Full Moon", released in "Soviet Writer" in 1959 in Leningrad. Young poet "recognized" immediately, his works began to print in many magazines. In 1960 a second book of poems, and poems - "Hearts Leaves". As in the first, it still felt the influence of poetry E. Bagritsky, P. Vasilieva, B. Kornilov. However A. The cross made no secret of his desire for discipleship in these great masters, . different, . but at the same time created a whole new trend in the national poetry, . where always valued the brightness and colorful image, . metaphorical, . "decuple" sense of life, . being in "excellent, . violent world. ",
. In 1960 A
. Cross took the Union of Soviet Writers, where he was elected secretary of the Komsomol organization. Soon he was invited to head the Department of poetry in the Moscow magazine "October", and A. Cross with his wife and son moved to the capital. Begun a "new" life with the "old" concerns, in the agonizing search for "their" words. He traveled around the country, met with people from different professions, trying to comprehend the essence of the events of everyday life. For example, once had to go fishing in the Caspian Sea along with professional fishermen, live in very remote places, faced with the tragic fate of the fisherman Mani to bring back and put on his desk almost finished the poem "Red rocks". If possible, always tried to thoroughly examine the "material" or to experience the feeling state, which is intended to describe. Visited the construction sites - in Siberia, the Urals, in Belarus, Ukraine, has lived long in Transbaikalia. There, in Transbaikalia, was born on the book "Kernel". The appearance of his contemporaries, the spiritual search of the ideal were the core of this book. Several walking away from a violent "forbs" images and metaphors inherent in his earlier books, so all stared at the fate of people, his contemporaries in the world of memory, into the world of childhood gone forever and enticing future. This is how the book of poems "Orbita".
The newcomer to the poetry in the early 1960's, in the midst of the so-called "pop" of poetry, A. Cross has never renounced the civil order, preached a quiet, soulful lyricism. He entered the galaxy of poets such as P. Kazakov, V. Tsybin, H. Rubtsov In. Gordeychev, A. Peredreev.
Poetry And. Cross - a kind of confession of a contemporary of pain and joys of the century. It combines the brilliance, language coloring, latitude transferred intonation. The heroes of his poems - people difficult and sometimes tragic fate. In search of truth to overcome evil, sees the meaning of life lyrical hero poet. Cross with his characteristic expression develops the themes of love, home, love the earth in the surrounding world, preaches harmony between man and nature. Loyalty civic duty is expressed in these verses:
I hate false words
And the fire that played ashes!
Do not lie to the ground I.
Poetry And. Cross its melody has attracted the attention of composers, songwriters. A. Dolukhanyan reading his poem "Soldatka", decided to put it to music and asked the poet to change the name to "Ryazan Madonna" and write a chorus. This song is performed by L. Zykina gained enormous popularity, spread around the world, recorded in many countries, including Japan, France.
A special place in the work A. Cross is the song. That line, which became the songs, brought him national fame. Songs, created in collaboration with such composers as A. Dolukhanyan, H. Theology, I. Frankel, SW. Saulsky, D. Tukhmanov, E. Ptitchkin, IN. Shainskiy, IN. Matetskiy, IN. Miguli AND. Steep and. Matete On. Ivanov, A. Morozov, IN. Dobrynin, E. Stihin, E. Hanoch, E. Bednenko IN. Semenov, E. Shekalev, A. Zuev, and others, into the repertoire of L. Zykina, K. Shulzhenko, AND. Kobzon, L. Leshchenko C. Rotaru, E. Shavrina, IN. Tolkunova IN. Troshin, H. Hnatyuka, H. Chepraga On. Voronets, L. Valley in. Leontiev, E. Piekha AND. Allegrova, groups Syabry, Pesnyary, Verasy "VIA" Flame ", M. Evdokimova, H. Babkina, M. Shufutinski and other performers. "Nightingale Grove," "Crimson ringing", "Olesya", "Wedding Horses," "The robin," "The Stork on the Roof," Why, do not know, "" The grass at the house, "" Zavalinka "long been recognized as pop classics. In a lot of light, joy, tenderness, kindness, anxiety, emotions, they give innermost feelings, inspiration, memories, hope, inspire the hearts of people.
According to A. Cross, the song - this is the destiny of man, and sometimes - a whole generation of people. The poet believes that the work in the song closer to understanding the poetry of Nekrasov and peoples, its civil nature. He is convinced that "poetry suffered, by the people and for the people and the situation in the talented music needed". In poetry Anatolia cross is what makes the listener think and feel the song. His poetry goes back to the heights of folk art, reflecting the spirit and the destiny of the people and making popular songs and their performers.
The poet believes that the song should always be present catholicity, the song should collect, unite, to reconcile people. Artistic thinking And. Cross different active associativity, deep psychological to help him penetrate the innermost corners of the human soul. His work - a tribute to the Fatherland, otchemu home, "crimson bell," floating on the fate and the greatness of the motherland. His work - a tribute to nature, love, loyalty, the village, a farmer, blacksmith and shipbuilders, childhood and adolescence, life in general, before which he considers himself a perpetual debtor. Themes of his poems and songs And. Cross once defined the lines of his poem:
. There is a lot of light
. Art --
. I do not feel sorry for the people.
. December 4, 2000 at the State Central Concert Hall "Russia" held an anniversary on the 40 th anniversary of creative activity evening A
. Cross Russia, Motherland, Love, "on which he made not only recognized as the national poet of Russia, but also as a composer: in the evening for the first time sounded written in his poetry and music march Borodino.
A. Cross - the author of 22 collections of poems and poetry: "Full Moon" (1959), . "Hearts Leaves" (1960), . "Black bread" (1960), . Invisible Battle "(1962), . "Orbit" (1964), . "Russia, . Rodina, . Love "(1964), . "Night Train" (1965), . "The Ninth Circle" (1968), . "Rage of-life" (1973), . "Core" (1975), . "The August field" (1976), . Green gate "(1981), . "The Face" (1982), . "Selected Poems" (1984), . "Grass at Home" (1985), . "Tribute" (1987), . "Night crossing" (1988),
. He published several translations of books (with the Georgian, Armenian, Bashkir, Jewish), as well as a collection of stories for children "sou'wester". Posted by a number of plays and screenplays. The poet is the author of the drama "The Legend of Fire" (with L. Mitrofanov). In 1968 he published a book A. And cross and. CONVERSATIONS, Russia, Motherland, Love, "which was conceived as a lyric-epic composition in paintings and poems. This publication - the result of creative cooperation between the poet and artist, who each in their own way reproduce the stages of historical fate of Russia. A. Cross - by a large number of publications and critical articles in periodicals.
Anatoly fond of fiction, especially emphasizes NV. Gogol T.G. Shevchenko VM. Shukshina. Likes to spend free time in nature.
Lives and works in Moscow.