BERZIN Reinhold I.( Military activities)
Comments for BERZIN Reinhold I.
Biography BERZIN Reinhold I.
Berzin (Berzins) Reinhold I. (Yazepovich) (4.7.1888, estate Kinigsgof Valmiera County Lifland province - 19.03.1938), military leader. The son of a laborer. In 1905 joined RSDLP. Worked at the factory, and then the teacher. In 1911-12 he was arrested for revolutionary activities. He was educated in the school of ensigns (1916). Participant 1-st world war, the lieutenant, led the Bolshevik propaganda on the front. In 1917, before. Corps Committee, member of the Executive Committee and the Military Revolutionary Committee, 2 nd Army, Western Front. At the end of 1917 - the beginning of 1918 commanded the Latvian units, led by the arrests carried out at Headquarters Supreme Commander. After this part of Berzin, like enjoying the absolute confidence of the Government, were thrown on the suppression of statements in the Ukraine and the elimination of "rebellion" of the Polish Corps gene. I.R. Dovbor-Musnitski. However, in the latter case, when it was not about the slaughter of civilians, but against regular units, the Latvians Berzin proved unequal. Since January. 1918 Commander of the 2-nd of the revolutionary army in Feb.-March 1918 Commander of the Western revolutionary front against the counterrevolution, distinguished primarily in the conduct of punitive operations against the local population. Since June 1918 before. Supreme Military Inspectorate of Siberia, the commander of the North-Ural-Siberian front. In December. 1918-June 1919 Army Inspector puppet communist government in Latvia. Then, in 1919-20 was a member of the Revolutionary Military Councils (FAR) of different fronts, operating in Southern Russia. In December. 1923 - July 1924 Member of the PBC Turkestan Front, from July 1924 - Western Military Region. After the Civil War in 1927-37, holding key positions in the military industry and agriculture. Was attracted. 1,937 arrested in the post of manager of the trust "Agrotehznanie" People's Commissariat of Agriculture of the RSFSR. 19/03/1938 sentenced to death. Shot. In 1955, rehabilitated.