GUNDOLF Friedrich (Gundolf)( Poet, professor at Heidelberg University, literary historian)
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Biography GUNDOLF Friedrich (Gundolf)
Gundolf, Friedrich (Gundolf), (1880-1931), poet, professor at the University of Heidelberg, literary historian. He studied in his youth Goebbels. Born June 20, 1880 in Darmstadt. At half-Jewish origin - Gundolfinger. Since 1899 was a member of t. n. "circle of Stefan George" group of aesthetes, who considered the only form of sublime poetry and fiction top. Tall, attractive, but extraordinarily vicious man, he began teaching at the University of Heidelberg in 1911. In 1920 the chair of the history of literature. Considered that the artist and his work are inseparable from each other and form a single whole. His appeals to the absolute aestheticism provided a noticeable impact on the Germanic literary. His work on Shakespeare's works and the attitude to the classics of German literature have won wide recognition. Gundolf held the position of solid germanskogo nationalist. He justified the 1 st World War I, portraying Germany as the only having the right to speak about the Germans as the "dominant nation". He described the enemies of Germany as a "mediocre bouncers", as "the blind black. "The culture of the future destined to be created by Germany's intelligence". He did not consider culture not as wealth, . or as a pleasure: "Culture is the existence, . in action, . to change; it - building up, . destruction, . transformation, . and Attila is much closer to the culture, . What all these show, . Maeterlinck, . D'Annunzio and the like ",
. Such ideas are captivated by his disciple Joseph Goebbels, who entered the University of Heidelberg after 1-st World War. Goebbels was fascinated by the lectures Gundolfa of a vanished world germanskogo Romanticism. He had hoped to join members of the "circle of Stefan George, a professor Gundolfa, but he is very superficial knowledge of the young reynlandtsa, refused. Goebbels wrote a doctoral thesis "Wilhelm von Shuytts: contribution to the history of romantic drama" with the support of Professor Val'dberg. Gundolf quarreled with Stefan George and was excluded from the circle. Died July 12, 1931.