Erwin Piscator (Piscator)( German theater director)
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Biography Erwin Piscator (Piscator)
Piscator, Erwin (Piscator), (1893-1966), German theatrical director. Born December 17, 1893 in Ulm. Communist. In 1914 he was a trainee Munich Court Theater. In 1919, organized in Koenigsberg theater "Tribunal", in 1920 - in Berlin "Proletarian Theater", which set written with the troupe play "Day of Russia, called for support of the Soviet. Russia. In 1923-24 headed the Central Theater, where he staged "Petty Bourgeois" M. Gorky, "The time will come" P. Roland. In 1924-27 Piscator was principal director of the theater "Volksbц?hne, which undertook the staging of The Lower Depths" Gorky (1927) and plays by the German dramatist: "Who weeps in Yukenake" Refisha, "Drunken King" Workshops, "Storm over Gotland" Wielka. He opened the theater in Berlin, Piscator (worked in 1927-32 with interruptions), the repertoire of which were anti-war play E. Toller, S. Wolf in. N. Bill-Belotserkovsky, etc.
In 30-ies. Piscator was a member of the executive committee of the International Union of theatrical work, in 1934 - its President. Piscator was among the first directors to realize the idea of political theater. He introduced into the play chronicles, . montage, . for the production of classical plays used modernist costumes, . action unfolds simultaneously on several sites, . using new scenic design - moving walkways, . segmented scene, etc.,
. Before the Nazis came to power, Piscator left Germany, he worked in theaters in Moscow, Paris and New York. In New York carried staging of Arthur Miller and Tennessee Williams. After the collapse of the Third Reich returned to his homeland. Since 1962, artistic director of Theater Frayefolksbyune "in the West. Berlin. Piscator died March 30, 1966 in Starnberg.