STRAUSS Adolf (Strauss)( The military commander, Colonel-General)
Comments for STRAUSS Adolf (Strauss)
Biography STRAUSS Adolf (Strauss)
Strauss (Strauss), Adolf (6.9.1879, Sharmke -20.3.1973, Lц+beck), military commander, Colonel-General (19.7.1940). 15.3.1898 joined the Army. Participant 1-st World War, Captain. For military distinctions awarded the Iron Cross 1 st and 2 nd class. After the demobilization of the army remained in the Reichswehr. He served in the headquarters of the 6 th Infantry Regiment in Lubeck. By the time the Nazi Party came to power - Colonel (from 1.4.1932). From 1/9/1934 inspector Infantry. On 1/10/1935 commander of the infantry IV Military District, from 15/10/1935 commanded the 22 nd Infantry Division in Bremen. On 10.11.1938 the commander of II Army Corps and Military Region II (Stettin). As of 4 th Army gene. G. von Kluge was involved in the Polish and French campaigns. Part commanded Strauss took a well-fortified fortress Modlinska. 29/10/1939 awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. During the French campaign, 29.5.1940 appointed Commander 9 th Army.
When planning operations on the landing in the UK is on the army Strauss had the task of land management activities on the islands. The operation was not carried out and the army moved to the Soviet-Germanic front of the group of armies 'Center'. Battle of Bialystok. 21.10.1941 took Kalinin and soon reached Vyazma. The army Strauss (with the 3rd Armored Group G. Gotha) was assigned the main task of the storming of the Moscow. In late 1941 the situation has sharply deteriorated, and on December 15. Soviet forces recaptured Kalinin, and then Rzhev, which housed the headquarters of XXIII Army Corps gene. A. Von Schubert. At this point, A. Hitler gave the army orders 'not to retreat a single step'. But in late December of the gene. Konev has dealt a devastating blow for Strauss, who retreated to the second line of defense. After this, Strauss was replaced by a gene 16/1/1942. V. Models and dismissed. Only at the end of the war 17.1.1945 Strauss was appointed commander of the fortified region 'East'. In May 1945 captured by British troops.