Hannah Arendt( The philosopher and historian.)
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Biography Hannah Arendt
Arendt, Hannah (Arendt, Hannah) (1906-1975), renowned philosopher and historian. Born into a Jewish family in Hanover (Germany) 14 October 1906, grew up in KцІnigsberg. He was educated at Marburg, Freiburg and Heidelberg University, studied in M. Heidegger and Karl Jaspers. Before the advent of the Nazis fled to France and then from occupied France in 1941 - in New York. She taught in many universities in the U.S., is gradually gaining a reputation as one of the leading political thinkers of the country. Among its fundamental research - Origins of Totalitarianism (The Origins of Totalitarianism, 1951, Russian translation - Moscow, 1995); situation Rights (The Human Condition, 1958) and On Revolution (On Revolution, 1963). Widely known book Eichmann in Jerusalem (Eichmann in Jerusalem, 1963), which caused much controversy about the nature and meaning of the Holocaust.
Works Arendt always distinguished independent judgments, it can not be classed neither conservatives nor the progressives, the theory that it promoted, was hardly optimistic or pessimistic. Estimates contemporaries and current events always is youthful and unconventional, and historical reconstruction - the originality of content and style. Portrait of Adolf Eichmann - not a madman and not a demon, . but only a bureaucrat, . mindlessly performing its administrative functions, . associated with mass murder ( 'banality of evil'), . - Turned the popular idea of Nazi, . including their own earlier reflections Arendt of 'radical evil',
In general, Arendt believed that any policy must be free, just as free to be thinking. The origins of totalitarianism, it traces the trends of 19 and 20 centuries., . which led to the erosion of political and philosophical freedom, . and the situation of man is expanding research, . analyzing, , . what they are today and what should be in the future,
. Arendt left unfinished purely philosophical work life of the mind on the study of mental activity (thinking, will, count). Arendt died in New York on December 4, 1975.