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Gippius, Zinaida Nikolaevna

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Biography Gippius, Zinaida Nikolaevna
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Born on November 8 (20 NS) in the city of Chernigov province Belev domestic government official who served in Nizhin. I received a thorough education at home.

After the death of his father's family moved to Moscow, then in Yalta and Tiflis, which began its infatuation with Russian classics, especially the F-Dostoevsky.

Summer of 1889 married D. Merezhkovsky, with whom moved to St. Petersburg. Here begins an active literary career, publishing first poems in "North Gazette, around which were grouped Petersburg Symbolists" older generation ".

Thoughts on "eternal themes" - "about a man, love and death" - define the tone of many poems Gippius 1900-x. The main value for it was understood in Nietzschean self ( "I love myself as God").

In 1901 - 02 has become one of the organizers of religious and philosophical assembly (base - the doctrine of the kingdom of God on earth). Meaning of assembly was to bring together intellectuals and representatives of the Church to "religious revival" of the country. Magazine "New Way" (1903 - 04) became the press organ of the Assemblies. Many poems of this time express their spiritual aspirations in common with the ideas Merezhkovsky ( "Christ", "God Father", "agony of the Christian confession, etc.), while others are free from mysticism and religion (" Pines "," little rain ", etc. .).

After the 1905 Revolution questions the public are taking an increasingly prominent place in her stories.

In 1908 he published collections of short stories "The Black on white", in 1911 - "Devil Doll" in 1912 - "Moon Ants" and others.

Acts both as a critic, published "The Literary Diary" - a collection of critical articles (under the pseudonym Anton Deadline).

October Revolution Gippius met extremely hostile, in 1920 she, along with Merezhkovsky emigrated to France. In emigration appeared in articles and poems with sharp attacks on the Soviet system. In 1939 in Paris, published a book of poems "Glow". Two volumes of memoirs "Living people" were published in Prague in 1925. Gippius heavily suffered the death of her husband (1941). Nevertheless, she managed to create a literary monument D. Merezhkovsky, book-biography, rich abundant factual material. Her book, "Dmitry Merezhkovsky" was published after her death, in 1951.

At the age of 76 she died on September 9, 1945 in Paris.




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