, Ivan Petrovich
(1754-1835) - Russia's Sculptor. The representative of classicism. In memorial plastic Martos
(tombstones M. P. Sobakina, 1782, E. S. Kurakina, 1792, E. I. Gagarin, 1803) are harmoniously combined civilian pathos, the ideal elevation, charm and vitality of the images. Monument to Minin and Pozharsky in Moscow (1804-18).
He graduated from the course at the Academy of Fine Arts with a small gold medal and sent to Italy. In Rome, worked in the studio Thorvaldsen and drew from nature, in the studio P. Button, and antiques, under the direction of P. Mengs. He was a professor and then rector of the Academy of Fine Arts. Paul I, Alexander I and Nicholas I commissioned him to carry out important sculptural enterprise. The simplicity and nobility of style, . studio composition (especially in polysyllabic bas-reliefs), . correct figure, . excellent modeling, . clever styling draperies - are the distinctive features of the classic on the merits, . but less cold-abstract, . What works Thorvaldsen and Canova, . Art Martos
. Especially good are his tender melancholy funeral sculpture. Among his major works: the colossal bronze statue of John the Baptist, . adorns the portico of the Kazan Cathedral, a large bas-relief: "Moses exudes water from a stone", . in the attic of one of the passages of the colonnade of the temple, monuments to Emperor Paul I, . Grand Duchess Alexandra and Elena Pavlovna, . in the palace of Pavlovsk park, a monument to Minin and Pozharsky, . Moscow (1804 - 18); colossal bronze statue of Catherine II, . in the hall of the Moscow nobility assembly; bust of the emperor Alexander I, . carved for the St. Petersburg stock exchange hall, the monument to Alexander I in Taganrog, . Duc de Richelieu in Odessa, . Prince Potemkin in Kherson, . Lomonosov in Arkhangelsk; gravestones Turchaninov, . Princess Gagarina and Princess Kurakina in the Alexander Nevsky Lavra, . Princess Volkonskaya and Sobakina - Moscow Donskoy Monastery, . decorative statue "Actaeon" (some replicas),
. Sculptures Martos
engraved Afanasyev. - Wed. N. Wrangel "History of Sculpture" (V volume "History of Russian Art" and. Grabar, in the same literature and list of works Martos