Lemesh Efron( Outstanding Russian singer (lyric tenor), People's Artist of the USSR, the Stalin Prize in 1941)
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Biography Lemesh Efron
Ya Lemeshev born July 10 (27 June) 1902. in the village of Old Knyazevo Kaliningrad region into a poor family of farm laborers. As a boy he went to St. Petersburg to study shoemaking trade, because, after the revolution - in the Cavalry School. From there he was sent to the Moscow Conservatory. The young singer managed to work in the Opera Studio under the direction of Stanislavsky.
. Debut Lemesheva held in 1926 in the Sverdlovsk Opera and Ballet Theater, a year later, he successfully performed the solo parts in a Russian opera at the Chinese Eastern Railway at Harbin, and two years later sang at the opera houses Tbilisi
. The most important event in his creative activity was joining the Bolshoi Theater in 1931, . the stage where he sang the role Berendey (The Snow Maiden), . Levko (May Night), . Stargazer (The Golden Cockerel), . Indian Merchant (Sadko), . Vladimir Igorevich (Prince Igor), . Duke (Rigoletto), . Alfredo (La Traviata), . Almaviva (Barber of Seville ") and others,
Best known for the singer has become the party of Lensky in Tchaikovsky's opera "Eugene Onegin," which he performed 500 times, including the day of his 70 th anniversary. "Lenski completely filled my life - said artist. - From my more than thirty roles, this - the most dear, beloved, the greatest joy of my creativity. "
At the end of 1948. at the Leningrad Maly Opera Theater Lemeshev met with Vera Nikolaevna Kudryavtseva, while already sung leading soprano (in Eugene Onegin, "he he sang Lensky, and she - the role of Tatyana). Subsequently, she became his second wife.
1951 at the Maly Opera Theater has staged Verdi's opera "La Traviata", where Lemeshev first for himself acted as opera director. In 1957. He repeated his directorial experience, putting Massenet opera "Werther" at the Bolshoi Theater.
C 1959 to 1961 Lemeshev was the head of the opera studio at the Moscow Conservatory. He even starred in the movie "The Musical History" (1940) as a taxi driver nugget.
He died in 1977.
In 1931-56 at the Bolshoi. Among roles: Lensky ( 'Eugene Onegin' P. I. Tchaikovsky), Vladimir ( 'Dubrovsky' E. F. Napravnik) Werther ( 'Werther' M. Massenet). Acted in films ( 'Musical History', 1940).
USSR State Prize (1941).
'Musical History', 1940