Franz Joseph I (Francis Joseph Habsburg)( Emperor of Austria (1848-1916) and King of Hungary (1867-1916))
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Biography Franz Joseph I (Francis Joseph Habsburg)
Franz Joseph was the eldest son of the Grand Duke Francis Charles and Sophia, daughter of the Bavarian King Maximilian I Joseph. Assumed the throne during the 1848 revolution, after the abdication of her uncle Ferdinand I.
In 1849, Mr.. Franz-Josef wholeheartedly supported the repressive measures against the Hungarian uprising. In the first decade of his reign, Francis Joseph contributed to the extreme reactionary measures. Subsequently, he was forced to yield broadly the developing opposition movement and for the rest of his life followed a policy of compromises and agreements between different social groups. In 1867, Mr.. Franz Joseph proclaimed emperor of a united Austro-Hungarian. In 1908, Mr.. solemnly celebrated the 60 anniversary of accession to the throne.
In 1914, after the assassination of Crown Prince of Serb nationalists, the Emperor, yielding to the demands of his foreign minister, signed the ultimatum to Serbia, which led, eventually, to the outbreak of the First World War.