MacArthur, Elizabeth (Elizabeth Macartur)( founder of the Australian wool industry)
Comments for MacArthur, Elizabeth (Elizabeth Macartur)
Biography MacArthur, Elizabeth (Elizabeth Macartur)
1766 - 1850
Elizabeth Vale (Veale) was born and educated in England. In 1788 she married ambtsioznogo young officer, John Macarthur. A year later they went to New South Wales, together with the second wave of emigrants.
In 1793, John MacArthur was granted 100 acres of land in the Parramatta. John named his farm "farm of Elizabeth, in honor of his wife. Besides the fact that she gave birth to 8 children, Elizabeth showed considerable interest in the affairs of the farm and had a significant impact on the development of the wool export industry in the colony.
In 1801, John was called back to England, where he remained until 1805. In his absence, Elizabeth successfully handle the cases, making their farm into the largest company in the industry. She became an expert on wool and built the infrastructure of the colonial export of wool. She became the first breed of sheep breeds "Merino", who were then the basis of the Australian wool industry.
Elizabeth MacArthur was a pioneer of the wool industry, that industry, which was one of the most important foundations of economic growth in Australia.
Elizabeth MacArthur died in Sydney in 1850.