Bruce Jacob A.( Earl and Commander in Chief of Moscow)
Comments for Bruce Jacob A.
Biography Bruce Jacob A.
son of Alexander Romanovich Bruce, was born in 1742, in 1744, Mr.. recorded a soldier in the Semenov regiment, in 1750, Mr.. promoted to corporals, in 1751, Mr.. second lieutenant, and four years in the lieutenants. In this rank he participated in the Seven Years' War, in which a difference in the battle of Gross-Egersdorfskom made January 28, 1758, Mr.. colonels in the army, and for the blockade Kustrin and the battle of Zorndorf - in February next year to Colonel. In 1761, when the throne of Russia was Peter III, Bruce was awarded the rank of second major Guards Semenov regiment, two days later promoted to major general, and in February 1762, Mr.. received the Order of St. Anne. Also, quickly rose in rank Yakov and the successor of Peter, in which already in 1773 was commander in chief and commander of division. During the Turkish War (the first), he commanded all the left flank at the Battle of Larga (July 7, 1770) and its square - at the Battle of Cahul (21 July the same year), . with General Olitsa and Prince Repnin, . in the previous year (1769) contributed much to the taking Khotina,
. This also ended his participation in the Turkish war; revoked at the end of 1770 to the court, he was in 1773, Mr.. was assigned to command the Finnish division in the war against the Swedish King Gustav III, and about 1781 g. was appointed chief in Moscow. Here he stayed until 1786, when he moved to St. Petersburg and in five years, November 30, 1791, died. Buried in the Alexander Nevsky Monastery.
With Yakov Bruce cut short in Russia male progeny Bruce. The only daughter of Yakov, . from the marriage of his sister of Field Marshal Count Rumyantsev-Transdanubian, . was in a marriage to Count Vasily V. Musin-Pushkin, . who took the name of Count Musin-Pushkin-Bruce, . but he died in 1836, . leaving no male children,
. V. R.