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George W. Bush

( U.S. President in 1988-92.)

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Biography George W. Bush
George Herbert Walker Bush was born June 12, 1924 in Milton, Massachusetts, and grew up in New England. His father Prekott Bush was deeply respected banker on Wall Stritt, was a member of the supervisory boards of large enterprises, and represented from 1952 to 1963, Connecticut in the Senate in Washington. George W. Bush visited at school Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, one of the most prestigious boarding schools on the east coast. After leaving school in 1942, followed Zgoda service as a naval aviator, then 2 and a half years of study in the famous Yale University in Connecticut. Even during the war, Bush was married Jan. 6, 1945 to Barbara Pierce, whom he met three years before. In 1948 they moved to Texas, Bush became a manager and entrepreneur in the oil industry. Originated from the east coast establishment and socialized in New England, Bush immediately put on his cowboy hat and in his political career on the need to behave as a Tory from the east coast, then as a Texas businessman. Texas has begun a campaign for all the political institutions, . gradual ascent to the presidency: the chairman of the Republican Party in Houston, . Texas, the U.S. representative in the United Nations and the People's Republic of China, the CIA director, after a failed attempt to become a candidate for presidency, . vice-president under Reagan,
. Bush has not only met with the U.S. political system from different points of view, . but gradually began to skillfully negotiate, . to compromise and build consensus, . In short: he was a diplomat, . experienced in the party, . domestic and foreign policy,

The victory over George W. Bush unsuccessfully fought and suffered from family problems to former Massachusetts governor Michael Dukakis, was unambiguous, even if not immediately possible to recognize the political mandate. Bush was president, who calmly approached the developing time, "innate" the successor to Reagan. In the Bush administration's policy makes experts in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Finance, along with James Baker and Nicholas Brady, were close personal confidants, who were very experienced in political terms. HR Policy Bush differed sharply from the personnel policy Reagan: brought experienced, pragmatic, non-ideological, oriented to the main political current politicians and bureaucrats. In some institutions deliberately been left less than 20% Reagan appointed political officials. Also in contrast to the Reagan Bush was involved in the routine affairs of the White House and in the process of legislation. At the same time he clearly gave priority to foreign policy. Early enough, have to distinguish two of the Bush presidency, namely, relatively successful in foreign policy and failed in the internal. True, Bush was considered a conservative, but his presidency did not submit any programmatike, he had problems, as he himself said, with obvious things ". It was impossible not to see Bush's rhetorical deficit, he lacked the ability to electrify, to mobilize the public, much less manipulate it. In these circumstances, "Plus, his wife, Barbara, whom he led a harmonious family life and which, thanks to his mother's disposition, has won the sympathy of many compatriots.

. In the four years of the Bush presidency in domestic policy of radio silence reigned
. Much energy, . however, . required at, . to pick up the heavy legacy of the Reagan administration: the state budget deficit, . public debts and the collapse of many savings banks, . which went bankrupt on speculation in the boom years the price of land and houses,
. In this case the state budget deficit was a double-edged sword. He narrowly confined to the space for political action of any president. At the same time it could be used as an excuse for a president who, and so was not going to take the initiative in domestic policy. Frugal domestic political result of the Bush administration was in the publication of the ADA, and Air Protection. From the claims of the newly elected president go down in history as the president of education or environmental protection in the following years there were no remaining signs. But he could get the support of Congress, which maintained cooperative relations with the members of which had excellent personal relations. Bush also failed to use its great popularity after winning the Gulf War, to carry out an extensive domestic agenda. Contrary to the advice of his staff, he proclaimed minimalist concept, in which it referred only to the fight against crime and transport policy. Economic and political disaster, which had more weight than the meager results of domestic policy, has become Bush's statement that he, despite its repeated promises to raise taxes because of state budget deficit. General, . economic policy and economic development have become the Achilles heel of his administration, . that cost him his eventual re-election: economic growth and individual real income stagnant, . trade deficit, . especially with Japan, . continued to grow and the number of unemployed rose by 3 million,
. Shortly before election day in 1992 this discontent was reflected in opinion polls: 80% of respondents believed, . that the Government is not in the right direction and that the economic prosperity of the country is under threat; spread pessimism and decadent mood.,


. In foreign policy, Bush was very successful: in 1989, began to intervene in Panama, . to arrest Gdaе?sk dictator Noriega, . who was involved in international drug trade, he has adapted to the rapidly changing relationship between East and West, . started earlier and more vigorously, . than the other partners of Germany in NATO, . support the process of German unification, together with Foreign Minister James Baker, he will secure the debt crisis in Latin America and once again set in motion the peace process between Israel and its Arab neighbors,
. First, . however, . he has an impressive record of military force, . when in 1990-91 he sent the 540 000 American soldiers (of which 10% of women) in the Persian Gulf, . that on behalf of the United Nations to stop the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait,
. Operation "Desert Storm", . in which military force created by Bush's international coalition crushed the Iraqis within 42 days, . caused the American public, . who had hoped, . that through this broke the "trauma of Vietnam, . short-lived euphoria,
. However, it soon became clear that Bush and foreign policy lacks long-term vision. What he meant by his proclaimed "new world order", it remains unclear. His decision apparently taken intuitively, but filled with a team of brilliant politicians such as James Baker, Dick Chenni, Brent Scowcroft and Colin Powell. These were the people who entered the U.S. as the sole remaining "superpower" in the new emerging international system.

. So, Bush is a series of presidents of the XX century, who ruled only one term and who have been denied re-election: William Howard Taft, Herbert Hoover and Jimmy Carter
. Although (or perhaps precisely because) George Bush was president during the national and international breakthrough, he virtually left no visible trace and can be viewed as a transitional president.

Source: Peoples.ru

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