MARCOS Ferdinand (Marcos Ferdinand)( President of the Philippines.)
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Biography MARCOS Ferdinand (Marcos Ferdinand)
Born September 11, 1917 in Sarrate, which at that time belonged to the U.S.. Studied law at University of the Philippines, received permission to practice. During the Second World War was in the Army Intelligence Service and the U.S. Filipino. He was elected to the Philippine House of Representatives in 1949 and the Senate in 1959 from the Liberal Party. In 1963-1965 was chairman of the Senate. In 1964, left the ranks of the Liberals and joined the conservative National Party. In 1965, won the presidential election, defeating the Diosdado Macapagal. Having occupied the Presidential chair, held a reform and achieve rapid economic growth of the country. At the same time the country has sharply increased social tensions, riots broke out constantly, led by the Communists and radical Muslims. In 1969, Marcos was reelected, and in 1972 announced the suspension of the constitution and the imposition of martial law, which lasted until 1981. In the same year was re-elected president. Dissatisfaction with the Marcos regime in particular increased after the assassination of opposition leader Benigno Aquino in August 1983. Under U.S. pressure, Marcos was forced to appoint a new presidential election in February 1986, after which declared itself the winner (his rival was the widow of Benigno - Corazon Aquino). The apparent falsification of election results led to a campaign of civil disobedience, Aquino, the army, and 25 February, Marcos had to flee to Hawaii (USA).
Marcos died in Honolulu on Sept. 28, 1989. The last years of his life he had to defend itself against numerous charges of embezzling funds from the state treasury.
Wife of Marcos - Imelda Marcos returned to the Philippines and participated in the presidential elections in 1992. Was accused of corruption in 1993, however, in 1995 took place in the Philippine House of Representatives. Son of Ferdinand Marcos, Ferdinand Marcos Jr., also participated in the political life of the country.