Erwin Panofsky (Panofsky Erwin)( German and American historian and art theorist, and teacher.)
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Biography Erwin Panofsky (Panofsky Erwin)
. Panofsky's main contribution to the science of art - the study of iconology, . those considered them as' part of art history, . which examines the plot or the meaning of works of art, . rather than its form ', . in which the art historian 'should be able to see the way, . used in different historical conditions for the expression of the most important movements of human thought ',
Panofsky was born March 30, 1892 in Hanover (Germany). In 1914 he defended his thesis at the University of Freiburg, from 1921 to 1933 he taught at Hamburg. In 1931, having received an invitation to read lectures at New York University, came to the U.S.. After the Nazis came to power in 1933, scientists remain in the United States, like many others of his countrymen. Panofsky taught at New York University, then at Princeton, in 1935 he became a professor at the Institute of Advanced Studies. After leaving that post in 1962, received a professorship at New York University and held her until her death in 1968. He was a brilliant lecturer and teacher and had many students.
Among the early works of Panofsky, written in Germany - an essay about Dц╪rer's engraving Melancholia. However, most books and articles have been written by the researcher in English, already in the U.S.. In his first work created in America, Studies in iconology (1939) examines the iconography of such subjects as personofikatsiya time and blind Cupid, Neo-Platonic ideas in the art of the Renaissance. Over the next twenty-five years Panofsky has written several articles and books on iconology. Among them - a monograph, . created in collaboration with first wife, . - Pandora's Box (1956), . Article Iconography Camera di San Paolo by Correggio (1961); from the works on the theory of art - Codex Huygens and the theory of art from Leonardo da Vinci (1940), . Galileo as an art critic (1954), . as well as renowned research Albrecht Dц╪rer (1943), . Art in the Netherlands XV,
. (1953) and Renaissance and Renaissance in Western European art (1960).