Nathalie Sarraute (Sarraute Nathalie)( French novelist, critic and playwright.)
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Biography Nathalie Sarraute (Sarraute Nathalie)
Her name is often associated with 'new novel'.
The writer was born July 18, 1900 in Ivanovo-Voznesensk (now Ivanovo) in Russia. When parents divorce, she lived alternately with her mother, then her father until the age of eight years is not moved to Paris to his father. After passing the examinations for a bachelor's degree, studied English literature at the Sorbonne, the history - in Oxford and sociology - the University of Berlin. At the end of the law faculty of the University of Paris in 1925 was admitted to the Bar and worked in the court until 1940.
Already in the first book, tropism (Tropismes, 1939), Sarraute has expressed interest in the sphere of the subconscious and subtle shades of human emotions. Her next novel, Portrait of an Unknown (Portrait d'un inconnu, 1948), has received accolades JP Sartre. Like the novels Martero (Martereau, 1959) and the Planetarium (Le Plantarium, 1959), he retains recognizable characters and deliberately banal plot.
Later Sarraute developed the theme of fiction - first from the viewpoint of the reader to the golden fruits (Les Fruits d'or, 1964), then from the standpoint of the author in the book of life and death (Entre la vie et la mort, 1968). In her later works - especially characteristic of the novel say fools (Disent les imbciles, 1976) - do not exist as a recognizable characters and plot. In 1983 she released a book Childhood (Enfance).
Sarraute published as critical essays on the modern novel, published in 1956 in the book The Age of suspicion (L're du soupon). Scenarios of numerous plays and plays for radio emerged as a separate volume entitled Theater (Thtre, 1978).
Nathalie Sarraute died in Paris on October 19, 1999.