Horace Walpole (Walpole Horace)( English writer.)
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Biography Horace Walpole (Walpole Horace)
Horeysho (Horatio) Walpole was born on September 24, 1717 in London. He was the fourth son of R. Walpole. He was educated at Eton and King's College, Cambridge University. At Eton began his friendship with the T. Gray, lifelong. Walpole left the college in 1739 and together with Gray traveled to Europe. He returned to England in 1741, was elected to parliament. His activities in this field continued until retirement in 1768. In 1748 Walpole acquired the estate Stroberri Hill, in 1757 he built there a printed. The rest of his life devoted to the fact that rewriting a simple English country house in a pseudo-castle. In 1791, Walpole received the title of 4-th graph Orfordskogo. Walpole died in London on March 2, 1797.
Passion Walpole Middle Ages bore fruit, and written in his 'Gothic' castle 'horror novel' The Castle of Otranto (The Castle of Otranto, 1765) enthusiastically welcomed the end of 18. precursors of Romanticism. Publishing activity in Walpole Stroberri Hill made a great contribution to the development of printing in England. Walpole's literary heritage also includes the mysterious tragedy of his mother (The Mysterious Mother, 1768), based on the story of incest and never seeing the scene. Political and social problems of the period 1750-1788 are revealed in his memoirs (Memoirs; publ. 1845 and 1846) Walpole, his memoirs (Reminiscences, publ. 1819) and Diary (Journal, publ. 1859). In memory of posterity remained multivolume correspondence Walpole, which covers a half-century English history.