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MUSHROOMS Petr Ivanovich

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography MUSHROOMS Petr Ivanovich
photo MUSHROOMS Petr Ivanovich
(4. 7. 1902 - 22. 3. 1945)


P temp I. Gribov, Guard colonel, commander of the 6 th Guards Motorized Brigade of the Red Banner Order of Suvorov (5 th Guards Tank Corps, 6 Guards Tank Army, 3rd Ukrainian Front)
. Born July 4, 1902 in g. Saratov in a working class family. Russian. He graduated from the seven-year school. Worked as a working sawmill. In the Soviet Army from 1922. In 1925 he graduated from the military infantry school in 1932 Б┴┬ refresher courses command personnel, in 1940 Б┴┬ courses "Shot".

. From June 1942 until the day of death - March 22, 1945 - fought in the South-West, Don, Voronezh, 1, 2, and 3 of the First Ukrainian Front
. Took part in the Battle of Stalingrad, Voronezh-Kastornoye offensive. Battle of Kursk, the liberation of Ukraine, Moldova, Romania and Hungary. For military distinction was awarded the Order of the Red Banner (1944), Red Star (1943) and the medal "For Defense of Stalingrad.

. March 22, 1945 P
. I. Gribov was killed in action in the region r. Veszprц╘m. The name of Hero named a street in Saratov.

In the first half of March 1945 German troops launched an offensive in the area of Lake Balaton. In an effort to split our front and go to the Danube, the enemy tank to the middle of March, broke into the area Shamontornya. To the Danube remained one shot - 30 miles. "At this moment, - wrote the German General Kurt Tippelskirch - an event that struck Hitler, like a bolt from the sky. Parts used in this offensive SS divisions, including units of his personal security, on which he relied, as on a stone uphill, did not survive: they have exhausted the strength and faith. In a fit of boundless rage, Hitler ordered them to withdraw from the arm-signs with his name. "

During the fierce defensive battles troops 3rd Ukrainian Front bled the enemy and March 16, themselves went on the offensive. At the direction of the main attack Varpalota - Veszprц╘m was introduced in the battle 6 Guards Tank Army, which included a colonel and brigade Gribov.

. Knocking the enemy on the intermediate line of defense, the brigade rushed to the south-west
. Approaching the small Hungarian town Varpalota units were met with heavy artillery and small-arms fire. Germans had prepared in advance is defensive line. Attacks made on the run, were unsuccessful.

. After hearing the reports of the battalion commanders and the Chief of Intelligence Brigade of the system of defenses, Gribov decided to bypass the main forces of the city from the north and a simultaneous attack from the rear of the front to defeat the enemy garrison
. By the evening was chosen area where the defenses were weakest. It was a mountainous area covered by forest, is extremely inconvenient for fighting. The enemy did not expect this of our offense and kept a small force.

At night, two battalions suddenly attacked the enemy, defeated him in the morning and went to the north-western outskirts Varpalota. After a ten-raids and bombing attacks Gribov Aviation Brigade attacked the enemy strengthen. The city was liberated. The enemy fled to the south.

Overcoming the resistance of the enemy in the mountains of Bakony, the team, in collaboration with tank crews moved forward. March 25 was released railway station Varoshled, the day was captured by the city Devecher, and March 27 guardsmen stormed Yanoshhaza - a major center of resistance of the enemy, covering the exit to the Austrian border. In these battles Gribov guardsmen were killed and captured as booty 24 tanks, 15 guns, 15 armored vehicles, 102 machine guns, 7 planes, 2 trains, 26 cars, storage of fuels and lubricants. Brigade wiped out in 1500 and captured 716 enemy soldiers and officers.

His success as a team was required courage and bravery of soldiers, and able leadership of its commander. Colonel Gribov during the battle was there, the situation developed where the most difficult.

1) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
2) Rumyantsev.N.M. People legendary heroism ". Saratov. 1968

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