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Gul Nikolay

( Hero of the Soviet Union)

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Biography Gul Nikolay
photo Gul Nikolay
(26. 2. 1918 - 27. 9. 1985)

Mr. ulaev Nikolay fighter pilot. Born February 26, 1918 in the village Aksajskaya (now the city of Aksai, Rostov region) in a working class family. Russian. Member of the CPSU since 1943. He graduated from the 7 classes of junior high school and school FZU. Some time worked as a mechanic at one of the Rostov plant. Evenings ulilsya in flying club. In the Red Army since 1938. He graduated from the Stalingrad Military Aviation School in 1940.

In as much as World War II found Gulaeva near Mogilev. He served in the Air Defense, covered a large industrial center in the rear. The fighting took baptism in Stalingrad, where a night battle on Aug. 3, 1942 with the first attack without the aid of searchlights shot down bomber He-111 (this was his first sortie).

. A etchik 27 Fighter Regiment (205 th Fighter Division, 2-Air Army, the Voronezh Front) Lieutenant Gula N.D
. particularly distinguished himself at the Kursk Bulge in the Belgorod area. In the first fight May 14, 1943, reflecting a raid on the airfield Grushka, alone joined the battle with 3 bomber Ju-87, covered up 4 Me-109. Dispersed the aircraft at low altitude, made a "hill" and, approaching the lead bomber, with the first turn knocked him. Second Shooter "Junkers" opened fire on him. Then Gul shot down and its. He tried to attack a third, but ran out of ammunition, and the din decided to ram. The left wing of his Yak-1 hit on the right plane "Junkers" and he crumbled to pieces. Unmanaged fighter went into a tailspin. After several attempts Gulaevu managed to level the plane and put him on the front edge in the location of 52-th Infantry Division. Arriving in the regiment, on the other plane flew again to the combat mission. For his heroism was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.

In July 1943, four fighters, led by Gulaevym, suddenly and boldly attacked a large group of 100 enemy aircraft. Upsetting order of battle, shooting down 4 bombers and 2 fighters, all four of them returned safely to their base. On this day link Gulaeva made several sorties and destroyed 16 enemy aircraft.

July 9 in the Belgorod area with a second ram. Landed by parachute.

. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union with the award of the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Squadron of the same regiment (205 th Fighter Division, . 7-th Fighter Air Corps, . 2-Air Army, . Voronezh Front) lieutenant Nikolay Gulaevu awarded on Sept. 28, 1943 for 95 sorties, . 13 personally, and 5 in the group shot down enemy planes.,

. Results on the Kursk Bulge Gul destroyed 17 enemy aircraft.

. In early 1944, became a squadron commander
. Participated in the liberation of the Right-Bank Ukraine. In one battle on the river Prut, headed the six P-39 fighter jets attacked Gula 27 enemy bombers on their way, accompanied by 8 fighters. 4 minutes destroyed 11 enemy vehicles, 5 of them - personally Gulaevym.

. In the Torah medal "Gold Star" Squadron 129 th Fighter Regiment (205 th Fighter Division, . 7-th Fighter Air Corps, . 5-th Air Army, . 2-Second Ukrainian Front), Guard Captain Gul N.D,
. awarded July 1, 1944 for 125 sorties, 42 air battles, in which he personally shot down 42 enemy aircraft and 3 in the group.

In one battle he was badly wounded, but returned to the system. All during the war years made 250 sorties. In 69 air battles he personally shot down 57 enemy planes in person and 4 - in the group.

Fter the war he served in command positions in Air Defense Forces. One of the first mastered the management of jet. In 1950 he graduated from the Military Engineering Academy. Zhukovskii, NE, and in 1960 - the Military Academy of the General Staff. In 1956 he was a delegate XX Congress of the CPSU. Since 1979, Colonel General Aviation - Retired. Lived in Moscow. Awarded 2 orders of Lenin, Order of the October Revolution, 4 orders of the Red Banner, 2 orders of the Patriotic War of 1 degree, 2 orders of Red Star and medals.

In action on Sept. 27, 1985. Bronze bust installed in the town of Aksai, a memorial plaque - in Rostov-na-Donu.


Biography provided by AE Melnikov

. ---
. Sources:
. 1) Aircraft: Encyclopedia
. - Moscow: Great Encyclopedia of Russia, 1994.
2) Andreev SA. Perfect their immortal. - Kn. 1. - M.: Higher School, 1976.
3) The immortal feats. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1980
4) The Great Patriotic War 1941-1945: Events. People. Dokumenty.-Politizd.1990
5) The Great Patriotic War 1941-1945: Entsik.-M.: Sov.entsiklopediya, 1985.
6) The Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945: P-ref. Ed. MM Kir'yanova. M: P.1990
7) the Air Defense Forces in WWII. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1981.
8) The heroes and exploits. - Kn. 3. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1965.
9) Heroes of the Soviet Union: A Brief Biographical Dictionary. V.1. M.: Voeniz.1987.
10) Grechko S.N. Decisions were made on the ground. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1984.
11) Double Heroes of the Soviet Union. - Moscow: Military Publishing, 1973.
12) Krasovskii SA. Life in aviation. - Minsk: Belarus, 1978.
13) Who was who in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945.Kr.spr.-M.: Republic, 1995.
14) Leypnik D.L. Yak-9: ordinary sky. - Kiev: Archives-Press, 2000.

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  • nick for Gul Nikolay
  • Writing to relatives, it is very good man, not parquet General, which tried to eat a parquet, and a real man. I knew him personally, swore to him, but remember, these people were and then little, but now nearly empty. Growth, in centimeters, it was small, but in humanity giant. How would those who had criticized him, remember he was a very honest man!
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