Paul Tilley (Tillich)( German theologian and opponent of the Nazi regime. Born August 20, 1886 in Shtartsedelle.)
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Biography Paul Tilley (Tillich)
Tillich, Paul (Tillich), (1886-1965), German theologian and opponent of the Nazi regime. Born August 20, 1886 in Shtartsedelle. He studied at the universities of Berlin, Tц╪bingen, Halle and Dresden. A professor of theology at the University of Berlin (1919-24), professor of theology at Marburg (1924-25), taught religious philosophy at Dresden and Leipzig, was the dean of the University of Frankfurt. In Berlin, Tillich became co-founder of the movement, known as the religious socialism. As one of the leaders of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, Tillich developed a theological system based on the "Protestant principles," according to which each "yes" must have a corresponding "no". He is not considered a human truth as the ultimate truth. In his system, he included a depth psychology, which he regarded as an integral part of improving the Christian doctrine. In 1933, for opposing the Nazi authorities Tillich was dismissed from the University of Frankfurt. At the invitation of Reinhold Niebuhr, he arrived in New York and began teaching philosophy at the United Theological Seminary. In 1955 he became a professor at Harvard University. In 1956-58 he worked at the universities of Berlin and Hamburg, and since 1962 the University of Chicago. Tillich died in Chicago on Oct. 22, 1965.