Klaus Schulze( Music)
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Biography Klaus Schulze
Klaus Schulze (04.08.1947, the [Berlin])
Klaus Schulze was born on Aug. 4, 1947 in Berlin, in the family of the writer and dancer. Give his son a classical guitar my parents wanted to educate the boy from the classical musician and Klaus diligently attended classes during the guitar music from 1951 to 1958. When Klaus was replaced by the acoustics of electricity, he had already contracted the ideas of rock music. As a guitarist, he played for teenage bands The Shadows and The Spotnics.
. When the family Schulze for a few years moved to Dusseldorf, Klaus in his 16 years of settled down a drummer in a small and unknown to anyone dancing group Les Barons
. Passion for percussion instruments catch on to Klaus for his brother's example, which is something nastukival to some jazz team.
. Returning to Berlin, . Klaus, . using already received a little experience, . collects rock band, . which strums popular topics from the works of such bands as the Rolling Stones and Procol Harum, . and in 1967, forms the rock-avant-garde group of Psy Free, . which you can start talking about the early stages of a serious art maestro,
. Apart Schulze in the Psy Free consisted of the following 'mentally liberated' musicians: Joachim Schumann (Joachim Schuhmann) and Alex Conti (Alex Conti). Group has been active in concerts speaking in Berlin clubs 'Zodiac', 'Magic Cave' and 'Silver apple'. One of these performances in 'Zodiac' has predetermined the fate of Klaus.
. In addition to his music begins Schulze fruitfully studied German literature, . history, . philosophy and psychology in the walls of the Pedagogical University (Paedagogische Hochschule Berlin), . that brings him a good income in the form of scholarships to very talented students,
. New philosophies and desire to continue the idea of avant-garde art 20-ies led him to 'Zodiac'.
'Zodiac' (Zodiac Free Arts Lab) at the turn of the 60-70-ies was in the middle of Berlin's avant-garde movement. At the base of the club from the very beginning of its existence, since 1968, were Conrad Schnitzler (Conrad Schnitzler), and Hans-Joachim Roedelius (Hans-Joachim Roedelius). In the late 60's Schnitzler was a key figure in the Berlin art-generation. Laboratory selected the artists of the pilot key in different directions, and Hans-Joachim was known also as a member of the Plus / Minus and Noises. But the main work of the avant-garde Roedelius, Schnitzler, a hedgehog with Dieter Moebius (Dieter Moebius) became legendary noise project Kluster, which had issued only two albums: 'Klopfzeichen' (1970) and 'Osterei' (1970).
. During one rehearsal Psy Free at 'Zodiac' in 1969, Schulze met with ideological inspirer and creator Edgar Frese Tangerine Dream (Edgar Froese)
. Father 'tangerine dream' said Klaus - not whether he could replace one statement of the absent drummer Sven-Eyck Johansson (Sven-Ake Johansson)? Schulze, not long thinking, has agreed. Thus, in 'Magic Cave' the debut of Schulze of Tangerine Dream, in which musicians have earned 50 marks. Money was spent on the same evening on the rubbish, but familiarity with Frese was not in vain.
. After several speeches for Tangerine Dream Edgar suggested Klaus permanent membership in the group as a drummer, . and as partners Schultz Psy Free started 'retreat' from the music, . Klaus took it so promising in the creative plan proposal,
. You may also want to remind you that TD at the time came to him a new drummer was recorded and released only 7''promo single 'Lady Greengrass / Love Of Mine' (1966). This rare single now remains a mystery to many, . as the official (and this is in all references) TD were formed only in 1967, consisting of: Mills, . Volker Hombach (Volker Hombach), . Kurt Herkenberg (Kurt Herkenberg), . Prince Charlie (Charlie Prince) and Lance Hapshash (Lanse Hapshash), . which was later replaced by Sven-Eyk,
. But enough of this discrepancy on the conscience of the German TD-Vedova.
Klaus Schulze Tangerine Dream appeared in conjunction with the already mentioned above, Conrad Schnitzler. It was this trio - Frese, Schulze and Schnitzler recorded in the spring of 1970 the first full length album TD 'Electronic Meditation'. The word 'electronic' in the title implied authority and elektropianino Frese, masterly handling of magnetic tapes Schnitzler, perhaps, metal rods Schulze. Engineer first album was TD Froydigman Klaus (Klaus Freudigmann).
. Shortly before recording 'Electronic Meditation' Klaus meets Pink Floyd (for those already came out a few albums) at their concert in Essen and decide for yourself more focused on experimental and electronic music (at that time was virtually the same),
. So, quietly, Klaus begins to realize that his destiny lies in a slightly different area, different from a simple guitar or drums. 'One day I realized - says Klaus Schulze - all I did - everything was OK; and playing guitar and drums, but if I want to do something unusual, I must change the tool. "
. Schulze shares his thoughts with Edgar Frese, but he has no desire to turn the Tangerine Dream in the electronic band, and immediately after the 'Electronic Meditation' change Claus Christopher Franke
. It is interesting, but after parting with Schultze Tangerine Dream turned into the main electronic band of the planet. There was another reason, which emphasizes Frese: Claus left the band 'at will', because he had married and spent some time only to family problems.
. In September 1970 Klaus meets two bluesmen from the group Steeple Chase Bluesband Getshinga Manuel (Manuel Gottsching) and Hartmut Enke (Hartmut Enke)
. He persuades them to establish a team playing with electronic music, Ash Ra Tempel. Over the ten months of half-baked trio gives a number of concerts and released a few demo tapes, and then August 1971 recorded the album, followed by Manuel and Hartmut express their care and 'Ash Ra Tempel' at the time splits.
. Schulze continues to experiment with elektroorganom and cassette recorders, and he once again intersects with Schnitzler, which offers Claus play music together
. By this time the child 'Zodiac' Kluster has cracked: between Schnitzler on the one hand, Moebius and Roedelius - on the other hand there were some differences. Dieter and Hans-Joachim increasingly departed from the ideas of 'the Berlin avant-garde electronic' and curtsy in the direction of 'British pilot schools' Brian Eno (Brian Eno). Later, they will merge with the 'pioneer of ambient sound' to release 'Cluster Und Eno' (1977) and 'After The Heat' (1979).
. Claus decides to support his friend Conrad and join his new team Eruption; the more so that the third party has become well known for his work in Tangerine Dream, Klaus Froydigmann
. Eruption lasted quite long, but Schnitzler had managed to release an album 'Kluster Und Eruption' (1971), which brought together the ideas and attitudes of the two groups.
. After the events happen to 'Ash Ra Tempel' and Eruption Klaus aware of the fragility of the next attempt to create an online group for a long time
. He buys himself a minimum of electronic instruments and decides to start a solo career. Schulze remembers that time: 'When I really took up the keyboards in the 1971st, I did not know about them absolutely nothing. I did not even know where they 're', and where there's salt '. And remember, if the word 'keyboard' meant only the piano, or organ elektropianino. In my possession was only a small home elektroorgan 'Teisco'. I still had the rich experience as rabanschika in the air and raced many wild ideas, which I could not explain either then or now. I tried to translate them only because the victory of love to compose. Above all, I fond of German literature, but I told myself doing something one. It was a very emotional decision. It was a leap in the dark '.
Make 'jump' Schulze hard 'puffed' over 'Teisco' and teyp-machine in his bedroom, which was hastily transformed into a small studio. Soon, Klaus is a progressive label 'Ohr', which seemed to create all conditions for fruitful experimentation with electronic sounds. Director of the label Rolf-Ulrich Kaiser (Rolf-Ulrich Kaiser) with open arms took the young composer. The concept of 'Ohr' was to support the so-called 'space music'. Under this concept and approached compositions Schulze (as Tangerine Dream, and Ash Ra Tempel, which also unraveled Kaiser). And, finally, in April 1972 appeared the first album maestro - 'Irrlicht', which was even brought the Berlin Symphony Orchestra 'Colloquim Musica'.
. Here, . more, . appropriate to comment on the work of the 'dawn of the electronic age' of the composer's words, taken from an interview with Klaus-Dieter Muller (Klaus-Dieter Muller): 'All my early instruments were very affordable and cheap: electric guitar, . Echo machine, . old 'Teisco', . broken power etc.,
. Such equipment now, strange ideas and complete unknown in terms of where is my zavedet. In this mood were recorded the first two albums: Oh, yes! I also asked me to play along with classic orchestra. I wrote them with cheap little microphone, so - that attached to the first cassette tape. Then, I missed all this horror in a few 'improvised' and played back. I also reshape your body and fished out the amazing sounds that are ready to put on record and viola. So there 'Irrlicht' and 'Cyborg'.
. Since February 1973rd Klaus gives first recital, working on 'Cyborg' and re-united with Ash Ra Tempel to write 'John Inn'.
. All would be well maintained but the owner 'Ohr' 'clinical' on space issues
. Kaiser publishes collections of 'Cosmic Joker' which includes excerpts of sessions Schulze and the other musicians collaborating with the label. So there are 'cosmic couriers'. Klaus dissatisfied Samovol Kaiser, he even disputes the color covers. (The editions cover the period of 'Ohr' has more). Sale album label was becoming less and reproaches by Rolf-Ulrich - more. And before you break the contract and Schulze, and the rest had to go through a long legal battle. For this reason, the third album 'magician Electronics' 'Picture Music' was released only in 1975.
. Klaus did not compose anything new has not yet found a reliable label for themselves 'Metronome', which is already in May 1974 issued a very 'tough' of the early works - the album 'Blackdance'
. Shortly before the release of the landmark 'Timewind' Klaus Schulze, along with keyboardist, known later as Kitaro, producing two albums of Far East Family Band.
. Working in the same time as Tangerine Dream, Schulze define the 'golden period' in electronic music and the blossoming of 'Berlin School of electronics'
. Peak 'golden era' was the work of 1975 'Timewind', which the maestro recorded in the 'Berliner Weltklang-Studio'. Album includes two half-hour song: 'Bayreuth Return' and 'Wahnfried 1883' - and, indeed, was a masterpiece and a necessary accessory collections each elektromelomana. 'Timewind' so fond of listeners in Europe, which was awarded the 'Grand Prix International'. Composer gained extraordinary popularity in France, at the peak of the boom of the Berlin electronic music (in the French charts 'Timewind' was at first, but solo Edgar Frese 'Epsilon In Malaysian Pale' on the second line). The next release 'Moondown' consolidate gains and sold at 400000 copies.
Schulze have tours to England, France, Italy, visiting Japan, where he met with Stoma Yamashita (Stomu Yamashita). In 1976, after the next European tour, Klaus adjacent to the GO - team Yamashita, Steve Winwood (Steve Winwood) and Michael Shrive (Michael Shrieve). Musicians released LP 'Go', going concerts in Paris and London and based on the tour record 'live album' 'Go Live From Paris'. Team Go to the Berlin composer had an enormous influence: Yamashita Klaus advised to write the soundtrack for a German porno film by Lasse Braun (Lasse Braun) 'Bodylove', and Michael told him the new methods work with the rhythm. 'Once in a while Michael stayed in my studio and taught me essential things that I never knew even as a little bit professional drummer in the 60-70-x - recalls Schulze. - The rhythm should be correlated with the heartbeat, breathing. Michael said that you have to walk to the beat. And indeed, we went to the studio to the rhythm sequencer. After these classes, I began to better understand, to feel the rhythm '.
In early 1977 soundtrack 'Body Love' takes second place in the 'guest' charts 'Billboard', Go and get music awards. A few months 'Professor of the Berlin school' writes another 'win-win' album 'Mirage': a phantom-enveloping 'Velvet Voyage' and, . probably, . most famous composition by maestro 'Crystal Lake' - castles in the air to reflect the crystal-clear lakes,
. Here Schulze develops the concept that, when listening to music, fantasy, reality control when the ego-state.
. By the end of the year spent productively, Klaus gets the moral satisfaction of a full house at his concert in London's 'Planetarium'
. And immediately after, goes' expected 'to continue -' Body Love Vol. 2 '.
His tenth solo LP, Klaus decided to name just a - 'X' (is it pronounced differently: some call it 'X', others - 'ten'). This double album is still considered one of the best works of Schulze competent participants felt his fan club. It seemed interesting to acquaint readers with the latest ranking of works Schulze, 1997 published in the Net 'Internet': 1. 'Historic Edition'; 2. 'X'; 3. 'Moondawn'; 4. 'Silver Edition'; 5. 'Mirage'; 6. 'Are You Sequenced?'; 7. 'In Blue'; 8. 'Timewind'; 9. ': Live:'; 10. 'En = Trance'. 'X' immediately gets into the European charts, winning for the 'Berlin School' increasing popularity. And it is precisely in order not to fall backwards into the future, support young talents and do not break the German tradition, Schulze in late 1979-th bases label 'Innovative Communication' (IC). He equips the studio with the latest technology, which already allows you to switch from analog synthesizers to digital recording process. Inspired by technical innovations, the composer writes from beginning to end 'digital' album, 'Dig It' (1980) on the apparatus' GDS. Digital Recording System ', e title track openly evinces an aggressive attitude to the past -' Death of an Analogue '. For percussion on one of the things from the album 'Weird Caravan' met anyone yet unknown Ideal. 'Master of the electronics' never kept up with fashion and new technologies:' I almost always worked with computers. Undoubtedly, over time, technology changed and my music, since 1970, has changed along with it. This is - well, everything changes - the audience, tools, fashion '.
. Certainly, . in the gap between the 'X' and 'Dig It' Klaus Schulze 'is not sitting idly', . and produces 'Dune', . ': Live:', . first recorded the album 'Time Actor' under the pseudonym Richard Wanfried (Richard Wahnfried), . touring Europe, along with Arthur Brown (Arthur Brown), . participates in the legendary concert 'ars electronica' (1980), . well as develop and produce video materials for the 'IC',
. Of these works, I would like to highlight the album 'Dune' (1979): mysterious dark blue cover with a man, wandering from nowhere to nowhere, sets up on the esoteric journey through the depths of the human psyche. The same name as the track would be asked mood, shrouding you echoes of 'live' Strings. The second thing - 'Shadows Of Ignorance' - an electronic opera, the connection devices 'Berlin School' and art-rock, comparable only with the work of 'Cyclone' (1978) Tangerine Dream. Philosophical text gives a verbal increasing musical number.
During 1981-82 i.i. opening of the label 'IC' - Ideal Group sells about 500,000 copies of his album, only one in Germany. It was a huge success, . and Schulze, . after recording 'Trancefer' and 'Tonwelle' (under the pseudonym Wahnfried), . begins to close deal 'IC', . but, . soon, . understand, . that success IDEAL can not repeat any of the projects his label, . and all and only those involved, . that copy or, . or Tangerine Dream,
. Having come to such conclusions and comparing them with the schedule of revenues, Schulze sells the rights to 'IC'. In an interview with the composer explains: "I founded the school and synth label 'Progressive Communications' (IC). Soon, I realized that the second generation of electronics there is no demand. Most of these 'second-hendovskih' 'shultseningov' and 'tanzheringov' just copy us. Why should people buy a fake when they can buy the original? So I sold the 'IC' in 1983, and since then, I have no idea what's going on '.
. Nowadays, the label 'IC' led by Mike Wiser (Michael Weisser) known by the staff of Software
. Of this 'smithy' out such notable projects as the current GENE. and Megabyte.
Stage of new experiments, the maestro in the middle of the eighties and originates from the album 'Audentity'. Not the last role here was played numerous soundtracks, which had been worked Schulze: 'Next Of Kin', 'Angst', 'Havlandet', 'Walk The Edge', and trip to the socialist countries: in Hungary, Poland. Special popularity maestro acquired from the Polish audience during his European tour in 1983. In the presentations has been issued a numbered live album 'Dziekuje Poland' (the last work of Klaus in the 'IC'). Then, three years later, only for sale in Poland, there is a double album, dispersed hundreds of thousands of copies. In 1984 Schulze again is starting a label, this time he calls him 'Inteam'. Mulka existed prior to 1987. At 'Inteam' go two works under the pseudonym Wahnfried: 'Megatone' and 'Miditation'.
In an interview with AK-D. Muller Schultze said: 'Project Richard Wahnfried different from my solo work mainly to the fact that I include in the work of other musicians. For each subsequent album, I choose new people, and I do not show them how to play. Wahnfried - creativity on an equal. Another thing, my solo albums, where the boss - it's me. Samu Wahnfried'a same idea - with the changing composition of the team - I have borrowed from Stoma Yamashita and his project Go, except for the moment that all the participants sang songs composed by Go only Yamashita '.
. Between 1986 and 1988 solo work Schulze, critics say, have acquired 'the meek, relieved mood'
. Under this definition it is possible to include such albums as the maestro 'Dreams' and 'En = Trance'. Around this time Klaus begins to work with samples. 'The technology of sampling, - says the maestro electronics - was an even greater effect than the transition from analog to digital sound.
. Digital recording - this is only a jump in quality when sampling - a radically new way for the establishment of a structured noise and music
. The sounds that we have painstakingly extracted in 70 of the cumbersome and expensive equipment, overnight became readily available. But the concerts, I still love to play 'Minimoog'e', and the audience liked his sound. 'Minimoog' gives a kind of handwriting, this is the signal, which can recognize my e-music as the electric guitar you define rock and roll, the saxophone - rhythm and blues on ukulele - the dance Hulu '.
. Another important breakthrough in the electronic life of Germany was the release of a biographical book, . tells of the creative and life path of electronic composer, . and a year raising the baton from the printers' The West intercepted radio transmission of Schulze in ten parts - 'The Klaus Schulze Story',
. By the way, after a visit by Klaus Americas in 1988, immediately after the sixty radio transmission was 'Klaus Schulze Pioneer of Space'.
. Out of joint projects at the moment is the album highlight 'Babel' (1987) with Andreas Grosser (Andreas Grosser) and udavshuyusya-produced with the pop band Alphaville (1988).
. Since 89-th Schulze rarely speaks in public, although all his concerts have excellent attendance in Dresden, London, Barcelona, Paris and Rome.
. 1990 begins with the return of Schulze's own fantasies and dreams in the field experiment
. Proof - one of the best in the last seven years solo album 'Miditerranean Pads'. Simultaneously he is working on a double CD 'The Dresden Performance' and writes exclusively for the American sampler 'Dali: The Endless Enigma' theme 'Face of Mae West'.
. Twenty-fourth solo release maestro 'Beyond Recall' can already be recorded in the history of electronic music at least from the fact that he was the last album Schulze, which was released on vinyl
. This was followed by laborious work on the new samplers for the German postal agency - '2001 'and for a sample library on CD -' Klaus Schulze Collection 1 '.
. At the end of the concert in the 'Royal Festival Hall' in 1992 went the 24 th and 25 th numbered albums Schulze, followed appears 'The Dome Event' (1993), which includes live recordings and studio material.
. After working on music for several films Claus comes to the decision to issue the previously unreleased tracks include a series of multiple own soundtracks
. Thus appeared the famous Ten Studio albums 'Silver Edition'. To the surprise of the entire series of ten CD sold well and a couple of years Schulze repeat bold experiment releasing the next studio dozen 'Historic Edition'.
. In the same period, 'Master of Electronics' pays tribute to classical music, . and later realizes his views on the classics in the album 'Goes Classic' (1994), . which includes works by Friedrich Smetana, . Franz Schubert, . Ludwig van Beethoven, . Edvard Grieg and other prominent composers of the past,
. Klaus also writes his first opera e 'Totentag'. At the same time are being recorded maxi-single 'Conquest Of Paradise' and the double album 'Das Wagner Desaster - Live -', which includes live recordings from performances in Paris and Rome.
. Work two years ago 'In Blue' can not be interpreted unambiguously
. On the one hand, it summarizes electronic moves Schulze 90, . On the other hand mechanistic drops out of actual time, attempt to 'sink into sadness' disown melancholy, . creates only a semblance of cyber-parody, . which is clearly still falls short of the desperate e-cyber-futurism 'Trance Appeal'.,
. In the 1995th privately Schulze met with the famous Robert Mugom (Robert Moog) and musicians from Pink Floyd, is produced by SNAP, published on CD full version ': Live:' and re-released 'Moondawn'.
. In 1996, п+п+ advocates in England, released sixth album Wahnfried 'Trance Appeal', implements the decrepit recording Ash Ra Tempel (where Schulze - There are a guitarist and drummer) and records solo work 'Are You Sequenced?'.
. By its 50 th anniversary of the maestro of electronic music publishing as much 25CD 'Jubilee Edition'.
. Never staying long in one place in the writings of the electronic world, the great composer of our time and slumped to the field of techno experiments
. In early July 1994 he was a VIP. watching sensational rave Berlin 'Love Parade'. Schulze visited many techno and ambient music, parties and indeed imbued with the atmosphere of the new electronic sound. It is on the 'Love Parade' on it made an indelible impression set Ritchie Hawtin (Ritchie Hawtin) better known under the name Plasticman. Ritchie, in turn, in an interview published in the pages of 'New Musical Express', confessed that at home he prefers to listen only to the works of Klaus Schulze. Fairness, it is worth mentioning that almost all more or less important electronic musicians of our time (perhaps excluding some DJ-s), consider it their duty to express its appreciation to the Berlin e-mage. New shoots dressed in orange overalls on FM channels and in the clubs finally also started to grind in their 'zapilennye' izezzhennym vinyl head who is who in the world of music. This can not but rejoice.
Sam Schulze expressed their positive attitude to the situation. According to techno refreshed faint and skuchneyuschuyu from year to year, electronic music in the tradition of 70. 'The decay of electronics stopped in the 90's along with the advent of technology boom, fashion trance and ambient. Young people who are not educated on the Rolling Stones and The Beatles, but comfortable feel in the company's electronic sound, brought fresh air to the already bad-smelling electronic scene. I appreciate the fact that these young people will remember me and be named me 'Grandpa techno' or 'father Electronics'. They seek to work with me, just as I reach out to them. For example, one of my albums came out on the label owned by German techno duo '.
. The real leap from the high-sounding phrases like the above to the effective recognition of Schulze in this field experiment took place recently - after the next album project Wahnfried 'Trance Appeal', . where close to a classic side by side labored Jorg Schaaf (Jorg Schaaf).,
. 'Trance Appeal' - largely psychedelic tekkno Project Maestro
. Corporate handwriting recent works mid-90's feel except on tracks 'A Chilly Fiesta' and 'Esprit Sans Frontieres'. E-play 'Towarisch' is somewhat similar to the average stage of creativity Tangerine Dream. The rest of this perverted form of techno with the total splitting of the musical content. Continuous audio hallucinations in the context of reprogramming perception. Schulze always anxious to let their inner contents of the album, but on 'Trance Appeal' anxiety painfully out of control.
. Looking at a glance creativity Schulze, one can only wonder: he is considered the founding father 'of the Berlin School of electronic', traditional electronics and tech
. Founded (or directly participated in the base) several major studios, which to this day regularly go out electronic albums of the aforementioned genres. Besides, . been so creatively prolific, . that was able to release in 1999, 50-disc box, . that does not include any registration album! Let's wish the venerable father, the founder of the creative success (in the inevitability of the emergence of whom no special and no doubt).,