Barack Hussein Obama
, Jr. (Barack Hussein Obama
, Jr.) Was born August 4, 1961 in Honolulu, the capital of the State of Hawaii. His parents met at the University of Hawaii. Father, Kenyan Barack Hussein Obama
Sr. (Barack Hussein Obama
, Sr.), Arrived in the United States to study economics. Mother, a white American Stanley Ann Dunham (Stanley Ann Dunham) studied anthropology. When Barack
was just a baby, his father went to continue his studies at Harvard, but the family because of financial difficulties with them not taking. When her son was two years, Obama
the elder one went to Kenya, where he received an economist in the government. With his wife he divorced.
was six years old, Ann Dunham, remarried, again for a foreign student, this time - Indonesian. With her mother, stepsister and stepfather Lolo Soetoro (Lolo Soetoro) boy went to Indonesia, where he spent four years. He studied in a public school in Jakarta. Then he returned to Hawaii, lived with his maternal grandparents. In 1979 he graduated from a privileged private school Punahou (Punahou School) Honolulu. The school is proud of its famous alumni - actors and athletes. In school, Obama
's great passion was basketball. The team consists Punahaou in 1979, he won the state championship. In the same 1979 Barack Obama
graduated from high school, and now the honor is not the last place in the list of known alumni of this school. In published the 1995 memoirs, Obama
himself is remembered that in high school he used marijuana and cocaine, and his performance declined.
After high school, Obama
attended college in the West (Occidental College) in Los Angeles, then transferred to Columbia University, graduating in 1983, where he begins to emerge Obama
politician and public figure.
In 1983 with a Bachelors degree, Barack Obama
starts to work in a major international business corporations, as an editor in the department of financial information. Obama
spent a year, it will be his first job after college.
Then in 1985 he settled in Chicago and worked for a church charity groups. As a "social organizer" helped residents of disadvantaged areas of the city. That experience in the charity made him understand that to improve the lives of people needed changes in legislation and policy.
In 1988, Obama
entered Harvard Law School, where in 1990 he became the first black editor of university publications Harvard Law Review.Eto not all of Obama
's success at Harvard in 1990. The newspaper The New York Times write about the news that he became the first black president of the Harvard Club of lawyers, for all its one hundred and four year history. In 1991, Obama
graduated from his studies and returned to Chicago. Engaged in legal practice, mostly defended victims of various types of discrimination. In addition, Obama
worked at the headquarters of the Democratic Party, he taught at the University of Chicago Law School constitutional law, worked on issues of electoral law in a small law firm 'Miner, Barnhill and Galland'. Obama
was known as a liberal opponent of the establishment of NAFTA - the North American Free Trade Area (North American Free Trade Area), a fighter against racial discrimination, a supporter of universal health insurance.
In 1993, Barack Obama
will teach the course 'constitutional right' at the Faculty of the University of Chicago. There, Obama
and runs until 2004. Prior to his election year in the U.S. Senate.
In 1995, Obama
will write and publish his first book 'Dreams, inherited from his father'. The book, which will bring future senator glory.
In 1996, Obama
will win election to the Senate in Illinois. And later, making a political review of the senator, in the article in the Washington Post will mark Obama
's ability to join in the democratic and republican rival party. Obama
's political career began in the Senate in Illinois, where he spent eight years, from 1997 to 2004, represented the Democratic Party. In 2000, Obama
has attempted to stand for election to the House of Representatives, but lost the primaries to the current black congressman Bobby Rashu (Bobby Rush) - ex-party movement "Black Panther". In the state senate Obama
has worked with both Democrats and the Republicans: Representatives of the two parties worked together on public programs support low-income families through tax cuts. Obama
was an active supporter of the development of preschool education. Support measures to tighten control over the work of investigative bodies. In 2002, Obama
denounced the Bush administration's plans to invade Iraq.
In 2004, Obama
joined in the fight for the nomination of one seat from Illinois in the U.S. Senate. In the primaries, he managed to win a landslide victory over six opponents. Obama
's chances of success grew when his Republican opponent, Jack Ryan (Jack Ryan) was forced to withdraw his candidacy: the reason served as the scandalous accusations against Ryan in the divorce.
July 29, 2004 during the election campaign, Obama
addressed the Democratic National Convention. His speech, which was broadcast on TV, Obama
brought wide popularity in the U.S.. Candidate for Senate urged listeners to return to the roots of American society and once again make the U.S. a nation of "open capacity": the ideal of open opportunities he illustrated by the example of his own biography and the biography of his father.
In elections to the Senate Obama
overwhelmingly (70% to 27%) defeated Republican Alan Keyes (Alan Keyes). The duties he assumed on Jan. 4, 2005, and became the fifth senator in U.S. history, African-American. Obama
became a member of several committees: on Environment and Public Works, Veterans Affairs and International Relations.
Earlier in the state senate, Obama
worked on a number of issues with Republicans, particularly in the work on the legislation on the transparency of government. In addition, together with the well-known Republican Senator Richard Lugar (Richard Lugar) Obama
has traveled to Russia: the trip was devoted to cooperation in the field of nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Overall, Obama
voted in the Senate, in accordance with the liberal line of the Democratic Party. Particular attention he paid to the idea of alternative energy sources.
has managed to win over the unusually quickly press and become one of the most visible figures in Washington. By the autumn of 2006, observers have considered it quite possible his nomination at the upcoming presidential election. In early 2007, Obama
was second only to Sen. Hillary Clinton in the Democratic Party's favorites list. In January, Obama
set up an evaluation committee to prepare for participation in presidential elections. According to early February 2007, Obama
is willing to have the support of 15 percent of Democrats, and Clinton - 43 percent. At the beginning of June 2007 exceeded the most optimistic projections supporters of Obama
- the gap was just 3 percent in favor of Hillary Clinton.
In January 2007, Obama
faced with scandalous accusations. The press began to spread information about that at the time of life in Indonesia, he had studied at an Islamic madrassa school, where he preached the representatives of the radical Muslim sect vahabbitov. These allegations were refuted, but left a significant negative impact on the image of Obama
February 10 at a rally in Springfield, Illinois, Obama
announced his entry into the presidential race. In the event of victory he promised to withdraw American troops from Iraq by March 2009. Along with the Iraq campaign, he subjected the Bush administration criticized for insufficient progress in the fight against dependence on oil supplies and the development of the education system. Soon after, on February 13, at another rally, which took place in Iowa, Obama
made a rash statement. Criticizing Bush's Iraq policy, he said that the lives of American soldiers killed in Iraq were "wasted" (wasted). He had to repeatedly apologize and explain that he was badly expressed his thought. Obama
's position on Iraq and his plans to withdraw troops have been critical of Bush greeted supporters not only in the U.S. and abroad. One of the allies of U.S. President, Prime Minister of Australia John Howard (John Howard) has announced that plans for the Obama
play into the hands of terrorists.
In February 2007, Obama
supported Geffin David (David Geffen), co-founder of film company DreamWorks, in the past - one of the prominent supporters of Bill Clinton. Geffin said that Hillary Clinton - too controversial a figure and not be able to unite Americans in a difficult time. Along with other Hollywood celebrities Geffin organized a campaign to collect donations in favor of Obama
- the collected amount reached 1.3 billion dollars. With stringent commentaries Geffina Clinton linked to the reduction of the gap between the former first lady and Obama
: In late February, the difference was 12 per cent. For Clinton, were willing to vote 36 percent Democratic and for Obama
One of the weaknesses of Obama
the candidate became a question of his membership of the "Afro-Americans". As it turned out, some representatives of the black population, including the most influential representatives of this minority, in no hurry to establish Obama
his. The fact is that, unlike the "real" black American, Obama
is not a descendant of slaves brought to the Americas from West Africa. In addition, the senator was not able to participate in the fight for the rights of blacks - unlike most American politicians, African-American. The situation worsened when, in early March 2007 the press reported that Obama
's family on the maternal side were slave -.
Since 1992, Obama
married Michelle Robinson Obama
is a lawyer (Michelle Robinson Obama
). They have two daughters: Malia (Malia) and Sasha (Sasha). In the official biographies reported that Obama
and his wife are parishioners of one of the Christian churches in Chicago - Trinity United Church of Christ
. Barack Obama
- the author of two books: in 1995 he published his memoir "Dreams from My Father" (Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance), . which we have already mentioned, . and in 2006 - the book "Audacity of Hope" (The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream),
. Audio version of the first book in 2006 won the Grammy award. Both books have become bestsellers Obama