Mir Alisher Navoi Nizamaddin( Poet)
Comments for Mir Alisher Navoi Nizamaddin
Biography Mir Alisher Navoi Nizamaddin
Nizamaddin Mir Alisher Navoi (09.02.1441 years [Herat] - 03/01/1501 years [Herat])
Alisher Navoi (Nizamaddin Mir Alisher) - Uzbek poet, thinker and statesman. Born in the family of the Timurid official Giyasaddina Kichkine, whose house was the center of communication between people of art, including poets.
Already, 15 years Navoi became known as a poet, making up poems in two languages (the Central Asian Turks and farsi). Studied in Herat, Mashhad and Samarkand.
In 1469 became the guardian of the press, the ruler of Khorasan, Sultan Hussein Bayqarah, with whom he studied at the Madrasa. In 1472 he was appointed vizier and received the title of emir. Navoi help scientists, artists, musicians, poets, calligraphers, supervised the construction of madrasas, hospitals, bridges.
. A committed humanist, medieval fighter against despotism and tyranny, Navoi spoke protector of the people in front of the Sultan and decided cases in favor of the unfairly treated.
. Progressive position Navoi displeased at the court
. In 1487 Navoi was exiled to a distant province Astrabad as a ruler. The collapse of hopes for the possibility of political reconstruction of the country and establish peace in the country, torn by intestine wars of Tamerlane, was forced to leave the service of Navoi. Returning to Herat in 1488, the end of his life in intensive creative work.
Humanistic poetry Navoi is multifaceted, the legacy of his extensive. The lyrical poems are collected by the author in 1498-99 in 4 collections, sofa. The top of his poetic creativity 'Pyateritsa' ( 'Khamsa', 1483-85), consisting of poems, 'The confusion of the righteous',' Layla and Majnun ', Farhad and Shirin', 'Seven Planets',' Iskanderova wall '. Influenced the development of the Uzbek and other Turkic literatures.
A colorful figure of Navoi, artistic power of his poetry attracted great interest Orientalists. There was a particular area of scientific research - navoivedenie. Known work of Russian scientists: In. V. Barthold, E. E. Bertelsen, A. Sharafutdinova, Aibek, IN. Zakhidov, and. Sultanov, A. N. Boldyrev, A. A. Semenov, A. YU. Jakubowski, X. Suleiman, A. Haitmetova, A. Abdugafurova, P. Shamsieva etc.. Navoi's poems have been translated into many languages. His manuscripts are kept in the largest libraries of the world (Russia, Britain, Turkey, Iran and others).