(26. 3. 1911 - 28. 8. 1977)
H ikolay Stepanovich Rybko test pilot. Born 13 (26) March 1911 in Moscow. In 1929 he graduated from the training of drivers, worked as a driver. From 1932 he worked as a technician for testing aircraft in TsAGI. In 1933 he graduated from the Moscow Aviation Technical. In 1935 he graduated from flight school at TsAGI and Kachin Military Aviation Pilot School (externally).
In 1935-1939 ÁT Test Pilot TsAGI. Tested the aircraft CIT-1 (1937) and Steel-11 Á• Á•L (1937-1938), . experimental aircraft Strela Á• Á•L design AS Moskalev (1938), . Ivanov bomber Á• Á•L design Polikarpov (1938); tests on fighter planes and a corkscrew-14 (1937), . I-16 (1938) and PI (1939); test range bomber ANT-37 (1938),
. Participated in the first flight and testing long-range bomber ANT-42 (Pe-8) (1936-1937). During tests corkscrew twice left the aircraft with a parachute.
In 1939 got in a car accident and because of severe leg injury was unable to fly and worked as an engineer in TsAGI. Since April 1941 ÁT Senior Engineer Flight Research Institute. In June 1941 has made the restoration of flight operations.
From June 1941 to June 1951 at ÁT flight test work in the Flight Research Institute. He performed the first flight (19.05.1947) and tested long-range bomber Tu-4 (1947-1949). Had tested: Yak-7A (1942), . Yak-7B (1942), . Yak-9U (1943), . bomber IL-6 (1944), . high-altitude fighter Pe-2VI with pressurized cockpit (1944), . British fighter Á• Mosquito-IV Á•L (1944), . trophy jet fighter Me-163 glider version (1946), . glider pilot LL-2 (1947-1949), participated in a fly-around of aircraft TIS (A) (1942), . BJP (1942), . Sche-2 (1943), . 302P Á• Á•L (1944), . MiG-9 (1947), . MiG-15 (1949), . Á• 82 Á•L (1949).,
. In 1951-1954 ÁT Test Pilot TUPOLEV
. Rise into the sky and tested a jet bomber Tu-16 (1952-1954). In 1954, again fell into heavy car accident and was unable to return to flight work. During flight operations mastered about 110 types of aircraft and gliders.
. W tion of the Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star" Nikolai Stepanovich Rybko conferred by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on May 1, 1957 for their courage and heroism, . shown during testing of new aviation technology.,
. February 17, 1959 among the first awarded Á• Honored Test Pilot of the USSR Á•L (Á•¬ mark ÁT 8)
. Prior to 1963 served as the senior engineer, engineer in the OKB.
F ill in Moscow. Died Aug. 28, 1977. He was buried in Moscow at the Donskoy Cemetery. Awarded 4 orders of Lenin, the Order of the Red Banner of World War 1-th degree, the Labor Red Banner and medals.
Biography provided by A. Simonov